Republic of the Philippines

Republika ng Pilipinas

CAPITAL : Manila

FLAG : The national flag consists of a white equilateral triangle at the hoist, with a blue stripe extending from its upper side and a red stripe extending from its lower side. Inside each angle of the triangle is a yellow five-pointed star, and in its center is a yellow sun with eight rays.

ANTHEM : Bayang Magiliw (Nation Beloved ).

MONETARY UNIT : The peso ( P ) is divided into 100 centavos. There are coins of 1, 5, 10, 25, and 50 centavos and 1 and 2 pesos, and notes of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 500 pesos. P 1 = $0.0191 (or $1 = P 52.30;as of May 2003).

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is the legal standard, but some local measures also are used.

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; Freedom Day, 25 February; Labor Day, 1 May; Heroes' Day, 6 May; Independence Day (from Spain), 12 June; Thanksgiving, 21 September; All Saints' Day, 1 November; Bonifacio Day, 30 November; Christmas, 25 December; Rizal Day, 30 December; Last Day of the Year, 31 December. Movable religious holidays include Holy Thursday and Good Friday.

TIME : 8 PM = noon GMT.


The Philippines has no territories or colonies.


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Bresnan, John (ed.). Crisis in the Philippines: The Marcos Era and Beyond. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Carlson, Sevinc, and Robert A. Kilmarx (eds.). U.S.–Philippines Economic Relations. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1971.

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User Contributions:

Just saying
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Jun 20, 2009 @ 7:19 pm
We have a 1000 peso note, you know.

Why do you make it a minimum of 50 characters? It's such a hassle, really.
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Jul 1, 2009 @ 3:03 am
the anthem is Lupang Hinirang not Bayang magiliw.... Please change it immediately....its wrong and should be corrected
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Aug 2, 2009 @ 3:03 am
thank you for the information. but the national anthem of the Philippines is not "bayang magiliw" but "Lupang Hinirang". :)
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Sep 25, 2011 @ 6:06 am
i love philippines so much !!! OH MY I CANT REALLY BELIEVE THIS !!
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Apr 25, 2012 @ 6:18 pm
This website has helped me soo much on my Philippines Report.. (: thanks!!
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Aug 3, 2019 @ 3:03 am
Thank you very much. These informations help me a lot.

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