Federal Republic of Nigeria


FLAG : The national flag consists of three vertical stripes. The green outer stripes represent Nigerian agriculture. The white center stripe represents unity and peace.

ANTHEM : Arise, All Compatriots .

MONETARY UNIT : On 1 January 1973, the Nigerian pound ( N £) was replaced by the naira ( N ) of 100 kobo at a rate of N 2 = N £1. There are coins of 1 / 2 , 1, 5, 10, 25, and 50 kobo and 1 naira, and notes of 5, 10, 20, and 50 naira. N 1 = $0.0078 (or $1 = N 128; as of April 2003).

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : As of May 1975, the metric system is the official standard, replacing the imperial measures.

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; National Day, 1 October; Christmas, 25 December; Boxing Day, 26 December. Movable Christian religious holidays include Good Friday and Easter Monday; movable Muslim religious holidays include 'Id al-Fitr, 'Id al-'Adha', and Milad an-Nabi.

TIME : 1 PM = noon GMT.


The official language is English, although there are over 300 distinct indigenous tongues. Hausa is the mother tongue of more than 40% of the inhabitants of the northern states. Yoruba is commonly used in southwestern urban centers, including Lagos. Ibo and Fulani are also widely spoken. Ethnic divisions roughly reflect the distribution of other vernaculars.


Nigeria has no territories or colonies.


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