Nigeria - Flora and fauna



The natural vegetation is divisible into two main sections directly related to the chief climatic regions of the country: (1) high forest, including both swamp and rain forests, and (2) savanna. Along the coastal area, the mangrove tree predominates, while immediately inland is freshwater swamp forest, which is somewhat more diversified and includes varieties of palms, the abura, and mahogany. North of the swamp forest lies near the rain forest, which forms a belt with an average width of some 130 km (80 mi). Here, trees reach as much as 60 m (200 ft) in height. Principal trees include the African mahogany, iroko, African walnut, and the most popular export wood, the obeche. Farther inland, the rain forest becomes displaced by tall grass and deciduous trees of small stature, characteristic of the savanna.

Few large animals are found in the rain forest; gorillas and chimpanzees in decreasing numbers are present, as well as baboons and monkeys. Reptiles abound, including crocodiles, lizards, and snakes of many species. Although many kinds of mammals can be found inland from the rain forest, these are not nearly so plentiful as in East or South Africa. Nigeria possesses two dozen species of antelope, but large concentrations of animals, even the common antelope, are rarely observed. The hippopotamus, elephant, giraffe, leopard, and lion now remain only in scattered localities and in diminishing number. Wildcats, however, are more common and widely distributed. Wildlife in the savanna includes antelope, lions, leopards, gazelles, and desert hyenas. Nigeria also abounds in bird life with a great number of species being represented.

User Contributions:

1
amhpuzzle8
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 14, 2009 @ 12:00 am
At school my daughter is doing biomes. She needs 1-6 plants and 1-6 animals. Also climate, mans impact, and interdependency. And this told me alot about plants And animals. THANK YOU!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
2
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 17, 2011 @ 6:18 pm
this was very helpful with my social studies homework.
3
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 18, 2011 @ 7:19 pm
this was very helpful with my social studies homework.
4
Ilori Elijah
Report this comment as inappropriate
Dec 3, 2011 @ 9:09 am
Good work.Please keep it up.I want to know more about Nigeria fauna.
5
Vinicius Almeida
Report this comment as inappropriate
Aug 26, 2018 @ 9:09 am
I am brazilian, thanks man, you help my english research homework. I have 10 years, TANKS SO MUCH!!!

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic:

CAPTCHA