Sweden 1851
Photo by: Scanrail

Kingdom of Sweden

Konungariket Sverige

CAPITAL : Stockholm

FLAG : The national flag, dating from 1569 and employing a blue and gold motif used as early as the mid-14th century, consists of a gold cross with extended right horizontal on a blue field.

ANTHEM : Du gamla, du fria, du fjallhöga nord (O Glorious Old Mountain-Crowned Land of the North).

MONETARY UNIT : The krona (K R ) is a paper currency of 100 öre. There are coins of 50 öre and 1, 2, 5, and 10 kronor, and notes of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, and 1,000 kronor. K R 1 = $0.1201 (or $1 = K R 8.33) as of May 2003.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is the legal standard, but some old local measures are still in use, notably the Swedish mile (10 kilometers).

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; Epiphany, 6 January; Labor Day, 1 May; Midsummer Day, Saturday nearest 24 June; All Saints' Day, 5 November; Christmas, 25–26 December. Movable religious holidays include Good Friday, Easter Monday, Ascension, and Whitmonday.

TIME : 1 PM = noon GMT.


Vegetation ranges from Alpine-Arctic types in the north and upland areas to coniferous forests in the central regions and deciduous trees in the south. Black cock, woodcock, duck, partridge, swan, and many other varieties of birds are abundant. Fish and insects are plentiful.


The Swedes are primarily Scandinavians of Germanic origin. There is also a small the Lapp (Sami) population. The remaining 12% of the population is comprised of foreign-born or first-generation immigrants, including Finns in the north, Yugoslavs, Danes, Norwegians, Greeks, and Turks.


Swedish is a national language. In addition to the letters of the English language, it has å , ä , and ö . Swedish is closely related to Norwegian and Danish. Many Swedes speak English and German, and many more understand these languages. The Lapps speak their own language. There is also a spread of Finnish-speaking people from across the frontier.


Sweden has no territories or colonies.


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Also read article about Sweden from Wikipedia

User Contributions:

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Feb 2, 2010 @ 5:17 pm
In Swedish Lapp has become a little bit offensive, so I would suggest using Saami instead. Lapp is not the word that Saami people would use to describe themselves
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May 5, 2010 @ 7:19 pm
Best site ever!!!
i LOVE this site!!
I am doing a project on sweden and this is the best site so far!
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Jul 26, 2011 @ 3:15 pm
Excuse me...? There haven't been any notes of 5 and 10 krona for the last 20 years. What are your sources??? And when it comes to ethnic groups, was this also written in the 80s? Try Somalis and Iraqis, that's more what's been happening the last decades.

No disrespect, but your website does not appear as very up to date...
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Oct 4, 2018 @ 5:17 pm
Not sure why there always seem to be this insistence on calling Finns living in Sweden foreigners. Same goes for Norwegains and Danes. Finns in Sweden speak excellent Swedish from the get-go and are basicaly indistinguishable from the average Swede. Plus it’s a neighboring country sharing its history and culture with Sweden. I would even go so far as to say calling a Norwegian a foreigner in Sweden would be considered borderline weird if not offensive by some Norwegians.

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