Kingdom of Denmark
CAPITAL : Copenhagen (København)
FLAG : The Danish national flag, known as the Dannebrog, is one of the oldest national flags in the world, although the concept of a national flag did not develop until the late 18th century when the Dannebrog was already half a millennium old. The design shows a white cross on a field of red.
ANTHEM : There are two national anthems— Kong Kristian stod ved hojen mast (King Christian Stood by the Lofty Mast) and Der er et yndigt land (There Is a Lovely Land).
MONETARY UNIT : The krone (K R ) of 100 øre is a commercially convertible paper currency with one basic official exchange rate. There are coins of 25 and 50 øre, and 1, 5, 10, and 20 kroner, and notes of 50, 100, 500, and 1,000 kroner. K R 1 = $0.1477 (or $1 = K R 6.77) as of May 2003.
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is the legal standard, but some local units are used for special purposes.
HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; Constitution Day, 5 June; Christmas Day, 25 December; Boxing Day, 26 December. Movable religious holidays include Holy Thursday, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Prayer Day (4th Friday after Easter), Ascension, and Whitmonday.
TIME : 1 PM = noon GMT.
Plants and animals are those common to middle Europe. There are many species of ferns, flower, fungi, and mosses; common trees include spruce and beech. Few wild or large animals remain. Birds, however, are abundant; many species breed in Denmark and migrate to warmer countries during the autumn and winter. Fish and insects are plentiful.
The population of Denmark proper is of indigenous northern European stock, and the Danes are among the most homogeneous peoples of Europe. The population is comprised of Scandinavian, Inuit (Eskimo), and Faroese peoples. There is also a small German minority in southern Jutland and small communities of Turks, Iranians, and Somalis.
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International Smoking Statistics: A Collection of Historical Data from 30 Economically Developed Countries. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Kinze, Carl Christian. Marine Mammals of the North Atlantic. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2002.
Kjrgaard, Thorkild. The Danish Revolution, 1500–1800: An Ecohistorical Interpretation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Miller, Kenneth E. Denmark. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Clio Press, 1987.
——. Denmark, a Troubled Welfare State. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1991.
——. Friends and Rivals: Coalition Politics in Denmark, 1901–1995. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1996.
Monrad, Kasper. The Golden Age of Danish Painting. New York: Hudson Hills Press, 1993.
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