Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Islami Jamhooria Pakistan

CAPITAL : Islāmābād

FLAG : The national flag is dark green, with a white vertical stripe at the hoist and a white crescent and five-pointed star in the center.

ANTHEM : The opening lines of the national anthem, sung in Urdu, are "Blessed be the sacred land, Happy be the bounteous realm, Symbol of high resolve, land of Pakistan, Blessed be thou citadel of faith."

MONETARY UNIT : The rupee ( R ) is a paper currency of 100 paisa. There are coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, and 50 paisa and of 1 rupee, and notes of 1, 2, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500, and 1,000 rupees. R 1 = $0.0175 (or $1 = R 56.90) as of May 2003.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system was introduced in 1966 and made mandatory as of 1 January 1979.

HOLIDAYS : Pakistan Day, 23 March; May Day, 1 May; Independence Day, 14 August; Defense of Pakistan Day, 6 September; Anniversary of Death of the Quaid-e-Azam, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, 11 September; Christmas and Birthday of the Quaid-e-Azam, 25 December. Religious holidays include 'Id al-Fitr, Id al-'Adha', 1st of Muharram, and Milad an-Nabi.

TIME : 5 PM = noon GMT.


Pakistan has no territories or colonies.


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