Republic of the Philippines

Republika ng Pilipinas

CAPITAL : Manila

FLAG : The national flag consists of a white equilateral triangle at the hoist, with a blue stripe extending from its upper side and a red stripe extending from its lower side. Inside each angle of the triangle is a yellow five-pointed star, and in its center is a yellow sun with eight rays.

ANTHEM : Bayang Magiliw (Nation Beloved ).

MONETARY UNIT : The peso ( P ) is divided into 100 centavos. There are coins of 1, 5, 10, 25, and 50 centavos and 1 and 2 pesos, and notes of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 500 pesos. P 1 = $0.0191 (or $1 = P 52.30;as of May 2003).

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is the legal standard, but some local measures also are used.

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; Freedom Day, 25 February; Labor Day, 1 May; Heroes' Day, 6 May; Independence Day (from Spain), 12 June; Thanksgiving, 21 September; All Saints' Day, 1 November; Bonifacio Day, 30 November; Christmas, 25 December; Rizal Day, 30 December; Last Day of the Year, 31 December. Movable religious holidays include Holy Thursday and Good Friday.

TIME : 8 PM = noon GMT.


The Philippines has no territories or colonies.

Read about the Culture of Philippines.


Brands, H. W. Bound to Empire: The United States and the Philippines. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Bresnan, John (ed.). Crisis in the Philippines: The Marcos Era and Beyond. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Carlson, Sevinc, and Robert A. Kilmarx (eds.). U.S.–Philippines Economic Relations. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1971.

Davis, Leonard. The Philippines: People, Poverty, and Politics. New York: St. Martin's, 1987.

Dolan, Ronald E. (ed.). Philippines: A Country Study. 4th ed. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1993.

Doronila, Amando. The State, Economic Transformation, and Political Change in the Philippines, 1946–1972. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Karnow, Stanley. In our Image: America's Empire in the Philippines. New York: Random House, 1989.

Kessler, Richard J. Rebellion and Repression in the Philippines. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.

Marcos, Ferdinand. The Democratic Revolution in the Philippines. 3d ed. Manila: Marcos Foundation, 1974.

Miller, Stuart Creighton. " Benevolent Assimilation": The American Conquest of the Philippines, 1899–1903. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1982.

O'Brien, Niall. Revolution from the Heart. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Patanñe, E. P. The Philippines in the 6th to 16th Centuries. Quezon City , Philippines: LSA, 1996.

Pedrosa, Carmen Navarro. Imelda Marcos. New York: St. Martin's, 1987.

The Revolution Falters: The Left in Philippines Politics after 1986. Edited by Patricio N. Abinales. Ithaca, N.Y.: Southeast Asia Program, Cornell University, 1996.

Richardson, Jim. Philippines. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Clio, 1989.

Rodriguez, Socorro M. Philippine Science and Technology: Economic, Political and Social Events Shaping Their Development. Quezon City, Philippines: Giraffe Books, 1996.

Steinberg, David Joel. The Philippines, a Singular and a Plural Place. 3rd ed. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1994.

Thompson, W. Scott. The Philippines in Crisis: Development and Security in the Aquino Era 1986–92. New York: St. Martin's, 1992.

The University of the Philippines Cultural Dictionary for Filipinos. Edited by Thelma B. Kintanar. Quezon City, Philippines: University of Philippines Press and Anvil Publishing, 1996.

Vos, Rob. The Philippine Economy: East Asia's Stray Cat?: Structure, Finance, and Adjustment. New York: St. Martin's, 1996.

Women's Role in Philippine History: Selected Essays. 2d ed. Quezon City, Philippines: University of Philippines, Center for Women's Studies, 1996.

Wurfel, David. Filipino Politics: Development and Decay. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988.

User Contributions:

Just saying
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jun 20, 2009 @ 7:19 pm
We have a 1000 peso note, you know.

Why do you make it a minimum of 50 characters? It's such a hassle, really.
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Jul 1, 2009 @ 3:03 am
the anthem is Lupang Hinirang not Bayang magiliw.... Please change it immediately....its wrong and should be corrected
Report this comment as inappropriate
Aug 2, 2009 @ 3:03 am
thank you for the information. but the national anthem of the Philippines is not "bayang magiliw" but "Lupang Hinirang". :)
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Sep 25, 2011 @ 6:06 am
i love philippines so much !!! OH MY I CANT REALLY BELIEVE THIS !!
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Apr 25, 2012 @ 6:18 pm
This website has helped me soo much on my Philippines Report.. (: thanks!!

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