PAPUA NEW GUINEA





Independent State of Papua New Guinea

CAPITAL : Port Moresby

FLAG : The flag is a rectangle, divided diagonally. The upper segment is scarlet with a yellow bird of paradise; the lower segment is black with five white stars representing the Southern Cross.

ANTHEM : O, Arise All You Sons.

MONETARY UNIT : The kina ( K ) of 100 toea is linked with the Australian dollar. There are coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 toea and 1 kina, and notes of 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 kina. K 1= US $0.2881 (or US $1= K 3.47) as of May 2003.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is the legal standard.

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; Queen's Birthday, 1st Monday in June; Remembrance Day, 23 July; Independence Day, 16 September; Christmas, 25 December; Boxing Day, 26 December. Movable religious holidays include Good Friday and Easter Monday.

TIME : 10 PM =noon GMT.


FISHING

In many coastal parts of Papua New Guinea, fishing is of great economic importance. The government is involved in the development of fishing through supply of freezers and of transport and research facilities. The total catch in 2000 was 50,537 tons, 27% from inland fishing. Fish exports in 2000 were valued at $36.4 million.

INSURANCE

In 1997, there were at least 11 insurance companies operating in Papua New Guinea.

HOUSING

Traditional housing in rural areas appears to be adequate, but in urban areas there are acute shortages because of migration. In most urban areas, squatter settlements have been established. New housing has generally fallen far short of meeting the demand, especially for medium- and low-cost units. As of 1988, the housing stock totaled 555,000 and the number of people per dwelling averaged 5.8.

FAMOUS PAPAU NEW GUINEANS

The best known Papua New Guineans are Michael Thomas Somare (b.1936), chief minister during colonial rule and the nation's first prime minister; Sir Albert Maori Kiki (1931–93), author of Kiki: Ten Thousands Years in a Lifetime; and Vincent Eri, author of The Crocodile.

DEPENDENCIES

Papua New Guinea has no territories or colonies.

Read about the Culture of Papua New Guinea. More about Papua New Guinea's Culture.

Read about the Geography of Papua New Guinea.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Ballard, J. A. (ed.). Policy Making in a New State: Papua New Guinea 1972–77. Brisbane: University of Queensland Press, 1981.

Bulbeck, Chilla. Australian Women in Papua New Guinea: Colonial Passages, 1920–1960. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Feil, D. K. The Evolution of Highland Papua New Guinea Societies. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Fitzpatrick, Peter. Law and State in Papua New Guinea. New York: Academic Press, 1981.

Gillison, Gillian. Between Culture and Fantasy: A New Guinea Highlands Mythology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Griffin, James. Papua New Guinea: A Political History. Portsmouth, N.H.: Heinemann, 1980.

Leahy, Michael J., 1901–1979. Explorations into Highland New Guinea, 1930–1935. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1991.

Lepowsky, Maria Alexandra. Fruit of the Motherland: Gender in an Egalitarian Society. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

May, Ronald James. The Changing Role of the Military in Papua New Guinea. Canberra, Australia: Strategic and Defence Studies Centre, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, 1993.

McConnell, Fraiser. Papua New Guinea. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Clio Press, 1988.

Mead, Margaret. Growing Up in New Guinea. Middlesex: Penguin, 1973 (orig. 1930).

Meigs, Anna S. Food, Sex and Pollution: A New Guinea Religion. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1984.

Siers, James. Papua New Guinea. New York: St. Martin's, 1984.

Strathern, A. A Line of Power. New York: Methuen, 1984.

Turner, Ann. Historical Dictionary of Papua New Guinea. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow, 2001.

Waiko, John. A Short History of Papua New Guinea. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Wanek, Alexander. The State and Its Enemies in Papua New Guinea. Richmond, Surrey, U.K.: Curzon, 1996.

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