Philippines - Organizations
Between 1939 and 1949, some 1,370 cooperative associations with 260,134 members were organized. In general, however, consumer cooperatives were ineffectual before 1952. In that year, the first effective cooperative movement, the Agricultural Credit Cooperative Finance Administration, was established with an authorized capital of P 100 million; its general aims were to promote organization of small farmers, assist in obtaining credit, establish orderly and systematic marketing, and upgrade agriculture. However, because of graft and corruption within the agency and other parts of the cooperative movement, the cooperative associations slowly died out.
The Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry has branches in metropolitan Manila and other important cities, and there are associations of producers and industrial firms in many areas. There are many associations of persons active in such fields as agriculture, architecture, art, biology, chemistry, economics, library service, literature, engineering, medicine, nutrition, veterinary service, and the press. The Philippine Academy is the oldest and best-known scholarly organization.
National youth organizations include the National Youth Parliament, League of Filipino Students, National Indigenous Youth, National Union of Students of the Philippines, Student Christian Federation of the Philippines, Young Christian Workers of The Philippines, Boy Scouts of the Philippines, and YMCA/YWCA. Kiwanis and Lion's Clubs have programs in the country. There are several national organizations focusing on women's rights, including the Philippine Association of University Women and the National Commission On The Role Of Filipino Women.
The Asian Volunteers' Network for Human Rights in the Philippines is based in Quezon City. International organizations with national chapters include CARE Philippines, Defence for Children International, Habitat for Humanity, Amnesty International, and the Red Cross.