GREECE



Greece 1557
Photo by: DeVIce

Hellenic Republic

Elliniki Dhimokratia

CAPITAL : Athens (Athínai)

FLAG : The national flag consists of nine equal horizontal stripes of royal blue alternating with white and a white cross on a royal-blue square canton.

ANTHEM : Ethnikos Hymnos (National Hymn), beginning "Se gnorizo apo tin kopsi" ("I recognize you by the keenness of your sword").

MONETARY UNIT : The euro replaced the drachma as official currency in 2002. The euro is divided into 100 cents. There are coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 cents and 1 euro and 2 euros. There are notes of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, and 500 euros. As of May 2003, €1 = $1.0977 (or $1 = €0.911).

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is the legal standard.

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; Epiphany, 6 January; Independence Day, 25 March; Labor Day, 1 May; Assumption, 15 August; National Day (anniversary of successful resistance to Italian attack in 1940), 28 October; Christmas, 25 December; Boxing Day, 26 December. Movable religious holidays include Shrove Monday, Good Friday, and Easter Monday.

TIME : 2 PM = noon GMT.


ETHNIC GROUPS

About 98% of the population is Greek. Minority groups include Turks, Macedonian Slavs, Albanians, Armenians, Bulgarians, Jews, and Vlachs. Although the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne provided for an exchange of most Greek nationals in Turkey and Turkish nationals in Greece, the Turks of western Thrace (now numbering perhaps 100,000) were allowed to stay.

DEPENDENCIES

Greece has no territories or colonies.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Brown, John Pairman. Ancient Israel and Ancient Greece: Religion, Politics, and Culture. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2003.

Bryant, Joseph M. Moral Codes and Social Structure in Ancient Greece: A Sociology of Greek Ethics from Homer to the Epicureans and Stoics. Albany, N. Y.: State University of New York Press, 1996.

Camp, John M. The world of the Ancient Greeks. London: Thames and Hudson, 2002.

Clogg, Richard (ed.). Greece, 1981–89: The Populist Decade. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993.

Constas, Dimitris (ed.). The Greek-Turkish Conflict in the 1990s. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991.

Frazier, Robert. Anglo-American Relations with Greece: The Coming of the Cold War, 1942–47. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991.

Hazel, John. Who's Who in the Greek World. New York: Routledge, 2000.

International Smoking Statistics: A Collection of Historical Data from 30 Economically Developed Countries. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Jouganatos, George A. The Development of the Greek Economy, 1950–1991. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1992.

Laisné, Claude. Art of Ancient Greece: Sculpture, Painting, Architecture. Paris: Terrail, 1995.

Lawrence, A. W. Greek Architecture. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1996.

Legg, Kenneth R. Modern Greece: A Civilization on the Periphery. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1997.

Pettifer, James. The Greeks: The Land and People Since the War. London, England; New York: Viking, 1993.

Sheehan, Sean. Illustrated Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece. Los Angeles, Calif.: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2002.

Speake, Graham (ed.) Encyclopedia of Greece and the Hellenic Tradition. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2000.

Woodhouse, C. M. Modern Greece: A Short History. 5th ed., revised. London: Faber and Faber, 1991.

User Contributions:

1
Stephanie
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Apr 19, 2007 @ 7:07 am
i hink greece is tha best place in tha worldddd i wana go there some day!
2
Sara Beth
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Oct 18, 2007 @ 9:09 am
I really enjoyed this site. Thank you for this information. I used it in my project for Senior Citizen Day On Greece.
3
Miki
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Oct 18, 2007 @ 9:09 am
THIS INFORMATION WAS SO USEFUL I CANT EVEN BEGIN TO DESCRIBE MY GRATITUDE, I WAS ABOUT TO GO INTO CARDIAC ARREST BUT THEN! I READ " GREEK TOPOGRAPHY " AND MY DOCTORS SAID IT WAS A MIRACLE. THANK YOU SO MUCH
4
Don
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Nov 1, 2007 @ 1:13 pm
i like this web site it help me with very very hard report on greece. i even told some of my classmates about it
5
Zenn
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Apr 20, 2008 @ 8:08 am
Nice site, it helped me a bit w/ a project on Greece, with the Ethnic Groups section. Also the currency report on Greece here was great, i told all my friends.
6
DanieL
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May 19, 2009 @ 10:22 pm
this helped alot for a project except i can't find the political stability :s
Thanks still :)
7
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May 20, 2010 @ 11:11 am
THis is the greatest site ever without this site i would of failed my s.s. class
8
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Sep 4, 2010 @ 1:13 pm
I like it , bravo Grecce .. You can promovotion problems around the enviroment and cut and fired forestry. by Fatmir Brazhda Albania . I wish suksses .
9
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Mar 9, 2011 @ 11:11 am
Thank you so much this was so useful for my essay, thank you once again.
10
Jessica
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Mar 25, 2011 @ 9:21 pm
This is a helpful enough website but I have a teacher who is always searching for more in our projects and it could use some more information, otherwise, great site!(:
11
christine
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Nov 16, 2011 @ 10:22 pm
thanks so much this really helped me with my project
12
kaide.
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Feb 10, 2013 @ 6:18 pm
my school had me do a report and it went EXACTLY in this order.
THANK U!
13
lucy
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May 13, 2013 @ 5:17 pm
All of this imformation help me to do my country report on greece
14
arron
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Nov 23, 2013 @ 11:11 am
thanks i needed help with my geography report on greece

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