The fishing industry has expanded and been modernized in recent years. At the beginning of 1996, the Greek fishing fleet consisted of 20,461 vessels with 121,664 GRT. The total fish catch was 99,280 tons in 2000. A total of $227.8 million of fish and fish products were exported that year. In the north of Greece, freshwater fisheries have been restocked and developed.
Sponge fishing, formerly an important undertaking in the Dodecanese and other regions, decreased in volume from 135.5 tons of sponges in 1955 to 10 tons in 2000.