HUNGARY





Republic of Hungary Magyar Népköztársaság

CAPITAL : Budapest

FLAG : The national flag, adopted in 1957, is a tricolor of red, white, and green horizontal stripes.

ANTHEM : Isten áldd meg a magyart (God Bless the Hungarians) .

MONETARY UNIT : The forint (F T ) of 100 fillérs is a paper currency with flexible rates of exchange. There are coins of 10, 20, and 50 fillérs and 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 100, and 200 forints, and notes of 50, 100, 500, 1,000, and 5,000 forints. F T 1 = $0.00446 (or $1 = F T 224) as of May 2003.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is the legal standard.

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; Anniversary of 1848 uprising against Austrian rule, 15 March; Labor Day, 1 May; Constitution Day, 20 August; Day of the Proclamation of the Republic, 23 October; Christmas, 25–26 December. Easter Monday is a movable holiday.

TIME : 1 PM = noon GMT.


FLORA AND FAUNA

Plants and animals are those common to Central Europe. Oak is the predominant deciduous tree; various conifers are located in the mountains. Among the abundant wildlife are deer, boar, hare, and mouflon. The Great Plain is a breeding ground and a migration center for a variety of birds. Fish are plentiful in rivers and lakes.

ETHNIC GROUPS

Ethnically, Hungary is essentially a homogeneous state of Magyar extraction. Estimates indicate that Hungarians constitute about 90% of the total population; others include Roma (Gypsies, 4%), Germans (3%), Serbs (2%), Slovaks, and Romanians.

FISHING

Fishing was unimportant before World War II (1939–45), but production has increased in recent years. The best fishing areas are the Danube and Tisza rivers, Lake Balaton, and various artificial ponds. The catch is composed mainly of carp, catfish, eel, and perch. The 2000 catch was 7,101 tons.

DEPENDENCIES

Hungary has no territories or colonies.

Read about the Culture of Hungary. More about Hungary's Culture.

Read about the Geography of Hungary.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bartlett, David L. The Political Economy of Dual Transformations: Market Reform and Democratization in Hungary. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press, 1997.

Berend, Ivan, and György Ránki. The Hungarian Economy in the Twentieth Century. New York: St. Martin's, 1985.

——. The Hungarian Economic Reforms 1953–1988. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Burant, Stephen R. (ed.). Hungary: A Country Study. 2d ed. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1990.

Corrin, Chris. Magyar Women: Hungarian Women's Lives, 1960s–1990s. New York: St. Martin's, 1994.

Donáth, Ferenc. Reform and Revolution: Transformation of Hungary's Agriculture, 1945–1970. Budapest: Corvina, 1980.

Gati, Charles. Hungary and the Soviet Bloc. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1986.

Hankiss, Elemer. East European Alternatives. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Hare, P. G., et al . (eds.). Hungary: A Decade of Economic Reform. Boston: Allen and Unwin, 1981.

Hoensch, Jorg K. A History of Modern Hungary, 1867–1994. 2nd ed. New York: Longman, 1996.

Horvath, Michael J. Hungarian Civilization: A Short History. College Park, Md.: University of Maryland, 2000.

Hoshi, Iraj, Ewa Balcerowicz, Leszek Balcerowicz, edc. Barriers to Entry and Growth of New Firms in Early Transition: A Comparative Study of Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Albania, and Lithuania. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003.

International Smoking Statistics: A Collection of Historical Data from 30 Economically Developed Countries. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Kádár, János. Socialism and Democracy in Hungary. Budapest: Corvina, Kiado, 1984.

Kovrig, Bennett. Communism in Hungary from Kun to Kadar. Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 1979.

Kun, Joseph C. Hungarian Foreign Policy: The Experience of a New Democracy. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1993.

Litván, György (ed.). The Hungarian Revolution of 1956: Reform, Revolt, and Repression, 1953–1956. English version edited and translated by János M. Bak and Lyman H. Legters. New York: Longman, 1996.

Macartney, Carlile Aylmer. Hungary: A Short History. Chicago: Aldine, 1962.

McElrath, Karen (ed.). HIV and AIDS: A Global View. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002.

Ranki, Gyorgy (ed.). Hungary and European Civilization. Budapest: Akademiai Kiado, 1989.

Sugar, Peter F. (ed.). A History of Hungary. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.

Szekely, Istvan P. and David M. G. Newberry (eds.). Hungary: an Economy in Transition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Vardy, Steven Bela, and Agnes Huszar Vardy (eds.). Society in Change. Boulder, Colo.: East European Quarterly, 1983.

Vogyes, Ivan. Hungary: A Nation of Contradictions. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1981.

User Contributions:

tim
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Oct 5, 2007 @ 11:11 am
can you guys email me all of this for my u.n project please
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Mar 20, 2010 @ 11:11 am
My grandma is from Hungary. I already knew about this stuff, but it was fun freshening up on the topic!
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Jun 10, 2011 @ 7:07 am
i love this website IT HAS AWSOME FACTS ABOUT HUNGARY THANK YOU

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