Greece - Environment





Greece Environment 1418
Photo by: Ljupco Smokovski

Among Greece's principal environmental problems are industrial smog and automobile exhaust fumes in metropolitan Athens. Over half of all industry is located in the greater Athens area. From June to August 1982, the air pollution became so oppressive that the government closed down 87 industries, ordered 19 others to cut production, and banned traffic from the city center. In July 1984, the smog again reached the danger point, and 73 factories were ordered to cut production and cars were banned from the city. In January 1988, the number of taxis in the center of Athens was halved, and private cars were banned from the city's three main thoroughfares. The smog regularly sends hundreds of Greeks to the hospital with respiratory and heart complaints. Greece is among the 50 nations with the world's highest levels of industrial carbon dioxide. In 1992, it ranked 37th, with emissions totaling 73.8 million metric tons, a per capita level of 7.25. In 1996, the total rose to 80.6 million metric tons. Greece's pollution problems are the result of almost complete disregard for environmental protection measures during the rapid industrial growth of the 1970s, compounded by unbalanced development and rapid, unregulated urban growth. Water pollution is a significant problem due to industrial pollutants, agricultural chemicals such as fertilizers and pesticides, and sewage. The Gulf of Saronikos is one of the most polluted areas because 50% of Greece's industrial facilities are located there. Greece has 54 cu km of renewable water resources with 81% used for farming and 3% used for industrial purposes. The nation's cities produce about 3.5 million tons of solid waste per year. Government policies have emphasized rational use of natural resources, balanced regional development, protection of the environment, and increased public participation in environmental matters. Four environmental and planning services were consolidated under the Ministry for Physical Planning, Housing, and the Environment.

In 2001, 13 of Greece's mammal species and 10 of its bird species were endangered. Six types of reptiles and 16 types of freshwater fish were also endangered. Of the nation's 4,000-plus plant species, 446 were threatened with extinction. Endangered species include the Mediterranean monk seal, the hawksbill turtle, Atlantic sturgeon, and the large copper butterfly.

User Contributions:

Ashley
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Dec 14, 2009 @ 8:20 pm
Hi people.That is so cool don't you think? I never knew anything about that, now I do.
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Nov 13, 2010 @ 5:17 pm
This is so awesome I love Greece. I agree with u ashley!
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Mar 1, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
This was great information! I filed out most of my assignment, and I found out information that was actually useful! Thanks guys!
KayQue
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May 20, 2011 @ 12:00 am
So sad they have such disregard! but its great info!!! :D
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Sep 16, 2011 @ 3:15 pm
Some of the environmental issues that are curntly and in the past plagued greece.
GLand
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Oct 3, 2011 @ 7:19 pm
Thankyou so much! this was so useful! It is really sad but it is a good thing that the government worries about it and does something.
samantha
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May 15, 2012 @ 9:09 am
goog info i love greece that is what i am working on in class. xoxo i love greece.
Devin
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Jun 11, 2012 @ 11:11 am
Interesting! I never knew that but now I do. Thank you for that information.
Julia
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Aug 26, 2012 @ 5:17 pm
Helped loads with my summer assigmnent. Excellent informationi!
Ravenpaw
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Feb 19, 2013 @ 8:08 am
this helps with my project love this hope this is as helpful to you guys out there
ALEXIS
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May 9, 2013 @ 3:15 pm
Thanks it really helped with my cba it was easy to find had many facts and was just what i looked for in a usefull website

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