Greece - Environment

Greece Environment 1418
Photo by: Ljupco Smokovski

Among Greece's principal environmental problems are industrial smog and automobile exhaust fumes in metropolitan Athens. Over half of all industry is located in the greater Athens area. From June to August 1982, the air pollution became so oppressive that the government closed down 87 industries, ordered 19 others to cut production, and banned traffic from the city center. In July 1984, the smog again reached the danger point, and 73 factories were ordered to cut production and cars were banned from the city. In January 1988, the number of taxis in the center of Athens was halved, and private cars were banned from the city's three main thoroughfares. The smog regularly sends hundreds of Greeks to the hospital with respiratory and heart complaints. Greece is among the 50 nations with the world's highest levels of industrial carbon dioxide. In 1992, it ranked 37th, with emissions totaling 73.8 million metric tons, a per capita level of 7.25. In 1996, the total rose to 80.6 million metric tons. Greece's pollution problems are the result of almost complete disregard for environmental protection measures during the rapid industrial growth of the 1970s, compounded by unbalanced development and rapid, unregulated urban growth. Water pollution is a significant problem due to industrial pollutants, agricultural chemicals such as fertilizers and pesticides, and sewage. The Gulf of Saronikos is one of the most polluted areas because 50% of Greece's industrial facilities are located there. Greece has 54 cu km of renewable water resources with 81% used for farming and 3% used for industrial purposes. The nation's cities produce about 3.5 million tons of solid waste per year. Government policies have emphasized rational use of natural resources, balanced regional development, protection of the environment, and increased public participation in environmental matters. Four environmental and planning services were consolidated under the Ministry for Physical Planning, Housing, and the Environment.

In 2001, 13 of Greece's mammal species and 10 of its bird species were endangered. Six types of reptiles and 16 types of freshwater fish were also endangered. Of the nation's 4,000-plus plant species, 446 were threatened with extinction. Endangered species include the Mediterranean monk seal, the hawksbill turtle, Atlantic sturgeon, and the large copper butterfly.

User Contributions:

Report this comment as inappropriate
Dec 14, 2009 @ 8:20 pm
Hi people.That is so cool don't you think? I never knew anything about that, now I do.
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 13, 2010 @ 5:17 pm
This is so awesome I love Greece. I agree with u ashley!
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 1, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
This was great information! I filed out most of my assignment, and I found out information that was actually useful! Thanks guys!
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 20, 2011 @ 12:00 am
So sad they have such disregard! but its great info!!! :D
Report this comment as inappropriate
Sep 16, 2011 @ 3:15 pm
Some of the environmental issues that are curntly and in the past plagued greece.
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 3, 2011 @ 7:19 pm
Thankyou so much! this was so useful! It is really sad but it is a good thing that the government worries about it and does something.
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 15, 2012 @ 9:09 am
goog info i love greece that is what i am working on in class. xoxo i love greece.
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jun 11, 2012 @ 11:11 am
Interesting! I never knew that but now I do. Thank you for that information.
Report this comment as inappropriate
Aug 26, 2012 @ 5:17 pm
Helped loads with my summer assigmnent. Excellent informationi!
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 19, 2013 @ 8:08 am
this helps with my project love this hope this is as helpful to you guys out there
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 9, 2013 @ 3:15 pm
Thanks it really helped with my cba it was easy to find had many facts and was just what i looked for in a usefull website
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 26, 2015 @ 3:15 pm
I'm working on a report and this site really helped
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 8, 2015 @ 3:15 pm
This site is really useful It really helped me with a power point I am doing in School
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 14, 2016 @ 2:14 pm
this is a very good website. i am working on a report that is about athens
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 18, 2017 @ 9:09 am
This information was very useful for my school power point thank you for who ever wrote this I am definitly going to get an A!

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic: