GUYANA





Cooperative Republic of Guyana

CAPITAL : Georgetown

FLAG : A red triangle at the hoist extending to the flag's midpoint is bordered on two sides by a narrow black stripe; extending from this is a golden arrowhead pointing toward the fly and bordered on two sides by a narrow white stripe. Two green triangles make up the rest of the flag.

ANTHEM : Begins "Dear land of Guyana, of rivers and plains."

MONETARY UNIT : The Guyanese dollar ( G $) of 100 cents is a paper currency tied to the US dollar. There are coins of 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, and 100 cents, and notes of 1, 5, 10, 20, and 100 Guyanese dollars. G $1 = US $0.00514 (or US $1 = G $194.5; as of April 2003).

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : Guyana officially converted to the metric system in 1982, but imperial weights and measures are still in general use.

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; Republic Day, 23 February; Labor Day, 1 May; Caribbean Day, 26 June; Freedom Day, 7 August; Christmas, 25 December; Boxing Day, 26 December. Movable religious holidays include Good Friday, Easter Monday, Phagwah, 'Id al-'Adha, Yaou-Mun-Nabi, and Dewali.

TIME : 9 AM = noon GMT.


ETHNIC GROUPS

An estimated 50% of the population is of East Indian descent and 36% of African descent. Those of Amerindian ancestry constitute 7%; white, Chinese, and mixed descent make up about 7%.

LANGUAGES

English is the official language and is used in government, the schools, the press, and commerce. Also spoken are Chinese, Portuguese, Amerindian languages, Creole, Hindi, Urdu, and a patois used mainly by those of African descent.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Guyana's system of local government was restructured after independence. Guyana is divided into 10 regions, each of which is administered by a chairman and council. City and village councils administer the local communities.

ARMED FORCES

The Combined Guyana Defense Force numbered 1,600 full-time officers and troops in 2002. Reserves consisted of the paramilitary force, Guyana Peoples Militia, numbering 1,500. Army personnel numbered 1,400; the navy and air force numbered 100 each. The armed forces also manage a national service corps (1,500) for community development projects. Defense expenditures in 1998 were $8 million or 1% of GDP.

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

Guyana became a member of the UN on 20 September 1966 and belongs to ACP, C, Caricom, CCC, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OIC, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO and WTrO.

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

Livestock in 2001 included 120,000 head of cattle, 130,000 sheep, 79,000 goats, 15,000 hogs, and 11,200,000 chickens. Other important domestic animals are goats, horses, mules, and donkeys. Extensive work is carried on to improve cattle productivity by importing breeding stock and providing artificial insemination and veterinary services.

INSURANCE

As of 1995, there were at least eight insurance companies operating in Guyana.

DEPENDENCIES

Guyana has no territories or colonies.

Read about the Culture of Guyana. More about Guyana's Culture.

Read about the Geography of Guyana.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Burnett, D. Graham. Masters of all They Surveyed: Exploration, Geography, and a British El Dorado. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

D and B's Export Guide to Guyana. Parsippany, N.J.: Dun and Bradstreet, 1999.

Health in the Americas, 2002 edition. Washington, D.C.: Pan American Health Organization, Pan American Sanitary Bureau, Regional Office of the World Health Organization, 2002.

Herman, Marc. Searching for El Dorado: A Journey into the South American Rainforest on the Tail of the World's Largest Gold Rush. New York: Nan A. Talese/Doubleday, 2003.

Mangru, Basdeo. A History of East Indian Resistance on the Guyana Sugar Estates, 1869–1948. Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press, 1996.

Merrill, Tim (ed.). Guyana and Belize: Country Studies. 2d ed. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1993.

Premdas, Ralph R. Ethnic Conflict and Development: The Case of Guyana. Brookfield, Vt.: Avebury, 1995.

Williams, Brackette F. Stains on my Name, War in my Veins: Guyana and the Politics of Cultural Struggle. Durham: Duke University Press, 1991.

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May 24, 2010 @ 11:11 am
great info i like the artical alot it halped me in my history class

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