HAITI



Haiti 1460
Photo by: Moustyk

Republic of Haiti

République d'Haïti

CAPITAL : Port-au-Prince

FLAG : The upper half is blue, the lower half red.

ANTHEM : La Dessalinienne (Song of Dessalines).

MONETARY UNIT : The gourde ( G ) is a paper currency of 100 centimes. There are coins of 5, 10, 20, and 50 centimes and notes of 1, 2, 5, 10, 50, 100, 250, and 500 gourdes. Silver (5, 10, and 25 gourdes) and gold (20, 50, 100, 200, 1,000 gourdes) coins have also been minted. US paper currency also circulates freely throughout Haiti. G 1 = $0.0243 (or $1 = G 41) as of May 2003.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is official for customs purposes, but French colonial units and US weights also are used.

HOLIDAYS : Independence and New Year's Day, 1 January; Forefathers Day, 2 January; Pan American Day, 14 April; Labor Day, 1 May; Flag and University Day, 18 May; National Sovereignty Day, 22 May; Assumption, 15 August; Anniversary of the Death of Dessalines, 17 October; UN Day, 24 October; All Saints' Day, 1 November; Commemoration of the Battle of Vertières and Armed Forces Day, 18 November; Discovery of Haiti, 5 December; Christmas, 25 December. Movable religious holidays include Carnival (three days before Ash Wednesday) and Good Friday.

TIME : 7 AM = noon GMT.


ETHNIC GROUPS

For the vast majority of Haiti's people, the African ethnic influence is dominant. About 95% of the inhabitants are black; mulattos and whites make up the remaining 5% of the population.

LANGUAGES

The official languages of Haiti are French and Creole. French is only spoken by about 20% of the population. Virtually all the people speak Creole, a mixture of early 17th-century provincial French and African tongues, with infusions of English, Spanish, and Amerindian words. English is used in the capital and to a lesser extent in the provincial cities, and along the Dominican border a Spanish Creole is spoken.

ARMED FORCES

In 1994, a civilian administration replaced the military government. The armed forces and police were disbanded and they were replaced with a National Police Force, which has an estimated 5,300 members. A small coast guard of 30 members mans patrol craft only. Army equipment has been destroyed. Security expenditures in 2000 were $50 million or 1.3% of GDP.

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

Haiti is a charter member of the UN, having joined on 24 October 1945, and belongs to ACCT, ACP, Caricom, CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, LAES, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO and WTrO.

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

The National Council for Scientific Research, founded in 1963, coordinates scientific activities in Haiti, especially in the public health field. Four colleges and universities, including the University of Haiti, offer degrees in basic and applied sciences.

INSURANCE

Major world insurance companies maintain agencies or branches in Haiti, the most prominent being Sun Life of Canada, the first to enter into life insurance. The insurance classes covered are life, accident, sickness, fire, and motor.

DEPENDENCIES

Haiti has no territories or colonies.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Abbott, Elizabeth. Haiti: The Duvaliers and their Legacy. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991.

Dash, J. Michael. Culture and Customs of Haiti. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2001.

Dayan, Joan. Haiti, History, and the Gods. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Dupuy, Alex. Haiti in the New World Order: The Limits of the Democratic Revolution. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1997.

Greene, Anne. The Catholic Church in Haiti: Political and Social Change. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1993.

Haggerty, Richard A., ed. Dominican Republic and Haiti: Country Studies. 2d ed. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1991.

Haiti: Dangerous Crossroads. Boston, Mass.: South End Press, 1995.

Health in the Americas, 2002 edition. Washington, D.C.: Pan American Health Organization, Pan American Sanitary Bureau, Regional Office of the World Health Organization, 2002.

Heinl, Robert Debs. Written in Blood: The Story of the Haitian People, 1492–1995. Lanham: University Press of America, 1996.

Laguerre, Michel S. The Military and Society in Haiti. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1993.

McElrath, Karen, ed. HIV and AIDS: A Global View. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002.

Metz, Helen Chapin, ed. Dominican Republic and Haiti: Country Studies. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001.

Nicholls, David. From Dessalines to Duvalier: Race, Colour, and National Independence in Haiti. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1996.

Plummer, Brenda Gayle. Haiti and the United States: the Psychological Moment. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1992.

Also read article about Haiti from Wikipedia

User Contributions:

1
School Girl on Haiti Project
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Jan 7, 2007 @ 10:10 am
This website has helped me on my project a lot. Thank you!
2
kyle
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Feb 7, 2009 @ 8:20 pm
love this site for my haiti project.............Thank God
3
janeyyy
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May 3, 2009 @ 12:12 pm
this website helped me a lot with my project and thanks to this site I got an A!! :D THANK YOU!!
4
JooJYFRuiT
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Jan 12, 2010 @ 6:18 pm
I used this for my Haitian project, thank you.:)
All this information helps with everything I have to do!
Yaay.:D
5
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Nov 15, 2010 @ 12:12 pm
Wow! you could not include more in this site!!! Thank you very much for this, it helped me very much. (I had to do a project about Haiti in FRENCH!!!) Thanks again!! :D
6
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Nov 16, 2010 @ 2:14 pm
Wow! you could not include more in this site!!! Thank you very much for this, it helped me very much. (I had to do a project about Haiti in FRENCH!!!) Thanks again!! :D
7
Veronica
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Nov 17, 2010 @ 11:11 am
Thanks! :) This helped a lot for my report!!! :) I hope it gets me an "A" or a "4"!1 :P
8
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Nov 17, 2010 @ 12:12 pm
THANKS!! :D I had to do a project on Haiti and this page really helped me a lot!! I hope I get an A!! Thank you!
9
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Nov 18, 2010 @ 11:11 am
I GOT AN A ON MY REPORT!! THANK YOU THIS CITE ROCKS!! I'LL DEFINITELY USE THIS CITE AGAIN!!


~Shorty~ :P
10
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Oct 7, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
hope that this helps me out on my website project and hope that i end up getting a a+ cause then i will feel very good about myself
11
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Oct 9, 2011 @ 10:22 pm
thank u so much for this wonderful website. it has really helped me a lot on a up coming formal presitation. i really recomend this website to anyone doing a report on Haiti, gives you great information :)

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