In 1997, there were 0.2 doctors, 0.8 nurses, and 0.04 dentists per 1,000 people. There were 3,274 hospital beds in 1999. Some 90% of the population of Guyana had adequate sanitation and 65% had access to safe water in 1994–95. In 2002 the average life expectancy was estimated at 62.6 years and the total fertility rate at 2.1. In the same year infant mortality was an estimated 38 deaths per 1,000 live births, the overall mortality rate at 9 per 1,000 people, and the birth rate 17.9 per 1,000 people. A high incidence of malaria was present in 1997, with 34,075 new cases. That year, malaria was the country's second leading cause of death. Of the 6,506 cholera cases in 1995, 565 died. The incidences of filariasis, enteric fever, helminthiasis, nutritional deficiencies, and venereal diseases still are significant. Yellow fever remains a constant threat. In 1997, 82% of Guyana's children were vaccinated against measles, roughly a 28% increase from 1988.
In 1995, there were 96 new AIDS cases reported and 132 deaths from the disease. As of 1999, the number of people living with HIV/AIDS was estimated at 15,000 and deaths from AIDS that year were estimated at 900.