FIJI



Republic of Fiji

CAPITAL : Suva

FLAG : The national flag of Fiji consists of the red, white, and blue Union Jack in the upper left corner of a light blue field, with the Fiji shield in the lower right corner.

ANTHEM : God Bless Fiji.

MONETARY UNIT : The Fiji dollar ( F $) of 100 cents is the national currency. There are coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 cents, and notes of 1, 2, 5, 10, and 20 Fiji dollars. F $1 = US $0.5181 (or US $1 = F $1.93) as of May 2003.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is official, but some British weights and measures are still in use.

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; Constitution Day, 24 July; Independence Day, 10 October; Christmas Day, 25 December; Boxing Day, 26 December. Movable religious holidays include Good Friday, Easter Monday, Dewali, and Milad an-Nabi.

TIME : 12 midnight = noon GMT.


TOPOGRAPHY

The larger Fiji islands are volcanic, with rugged peaks, and flatland where rivers have built deltas. Coral reefs surround the islands. Viti Levu's highest point, Tomanivi, is 1,323 m (4,340 ft); 28 other peaks are over 910 m (3,000 ft). Its main river, the Rewa, is navigable by small boats for 113 km (70 mi).

FLORA AND FAUNA

The larger islands have forests on the windward side and grassland on the leeward slopes. Mangroves and coconut plantations fringe the coasts. Among indigenous fauna are bats, rats, snakes, frogs, lizards, and many species of birds.

ETHNIC GROUPS

The indigenous Fijian population is predominantly Melanesian, with a Polynesian admixture. In 1998, the population was estimated to be 51% indigenous Fijian, 44% Indian, and 5% European, other Pacific Islanders, overseas Chinese, and other.

LANGUAGES

English is the official language, but Fijian and Hindi are also used in Parliament. Fijian dialects belong to the Malayo-Polynesian language group; the Bau dialect is used throughout the archipelago except on Rotuma, where Rotuman is spoken. Hindustani (a local dialect of Hindi) is the lingua franca of the Indians of Fiji.

RELIGIONS

About 52% of Fijians are Christians, primarily Methodist (37%) and Roman Catholic (9%). Among Indian Fijians, 38% are Hindu, 8% Muslim (Sunni), and 2% other. The newly amended constitution (1998) provides for freedom of religion, and the government reportedly respects this right in practice. Confucianism is practiced by a portion of the Chinese community.

ARMED FORCES

Fiji's active armed forces in 2002 numbered 3,500 backed up by some 6,000 reserves. The army totalled 3,200 with 300 in the navy. Of Fiji's seven infantry battalions, two are deployed abroad in Egypt (MFO) and Lebanon (UNIFIL), and observers are stationed in Iraq and Papua New Guinea. Fiji spent $35 million in 2000, or 2.2% of GDP, on defense.

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

Beef production was some 8,900 tons in 2001; pork, 3,870 tons; and goat meat, 950 tons. A breed of sheep highly adapted to the tropics was introduced in 1980. Fiji's poultry production was 8,420 tons in 2001, and egg production was 2,668 tons that same year.

FORESTRY

Some 45% of the land area is forested, and 253,000 ha (625,000 acres) are suitable for commercial use. Large-scale planting of pines under the 1986–90 development plan involved reforestation of 50,000 ha (120,000 acres). Output of logs in 2000 totaled 486,000 cu m (17,156,000 cu ft). Exports of sawn timber and other wood products were valued at $22.2 million in 2000. The first exports of pine logs started in 1980.

FAMOUS FIJIANS

The best-known Fijians are Ratu Sir Lala Sukuna (d.1958), the first speaker of the Legislative Council in 1954; Ratu Sir George Cakobau (1911–89), the first Fijian to be governor-general; and Ratu Sir Kamisese K. T. Mara (b.1922), elected prime minister in 1970 and president in 1994.

DEPENDENCIES

Fiji has no territories or colonies.

Read about the Culture of Fiji. More about Fiji's Culture.

Read about the Geography of Fiji.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Dun and Bradstreet's Export Guide to Fiji. Parsippany, NJ: Dun and Bradstreet, 1999.

Fiji. Oxford, England: Clio, 1994.

Kaplan, Martha. Neither Cargo Nor Cult: Ritual Politics and the Colonial Imagination in Fiji. Durham: Duke University Press, 1995.

Kelly, John Dunham. A Politics of Virtue: Hinduism, Sexuality, and Countercolonial Discourse in Fiji. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Lal, Brij V. Broken Waves: A History of the Fiji Islands in the Twentieth Century. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1992.

Lawson, Stephanie. Tradition Versus Democracy in the South Pacific: Fiji, Tonga, and Western Samoa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Premdas, Ralph R. Ethnic Conflict and Development: The Case of Fiji. Aldershot, England: Avebury, 1995.

Toren, Christina. Mind, Materiality, and History: Explorations in Fijian Ethnography. New York: Routledge, 1999.

User Contributions:

Buratake Tuateira
Report this comment as inappropriate
Aug 4, 2006 @ 1:01 am
After reading this article, i know that i can do my asignment. I would like to thanks those who wrote this becoz it really helps me.
Hannah
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 9, 2006 @ 5:17 pm
Hi my name is Hannah and my school was doing caravans and I got Fiji I never knew any thing about it know I know thanks
kilimykiti
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 23, 2006 @ 7:19 pm
hey sorri about the last comment but i used this web site to find info. on fiji and this had all the answers to every q. thanks alot
DOuche
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 24, 2006 @ 12:00 am
wat is the national flora and flora, eg.kangaroo,wattle-australia
Fijian
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 8, 2006 @ 10:10 am
This is very helpful information i didnt even know most of this stuff about my country because i live in US
Shimona
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 29, 2006 @ 11:23 pm
This was so helpfull. I was doin a project on Fiji and this like answerd all my questions! THANK-YOU!
Be-YaSeLf
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 4, 2007 @ 12:00 am
Cheers. was doing a project on Fiji too, answered most questions i had.
tank
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 19, 2007 @ 7:19 pm
thanx for the help i had to do a country report and this helped me a lot
jlinah
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 22, 2007 @ 11:23 pm
YOUR WEBSIDE HAS GREATLY IMPROVED UPON MY PRIOR KNOWLEDGE TO FIJI
IT HAS HEIGHTEN MY MIND AND GAVE PURPOSEV TO MY LIFE
pramod
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 8, 2008 @ 2:14 pm
HEY WHAT A GREAT WEB SITE AS IT CLEARLY GIVE THE NICE PICTUE OF THE FIJI ISLANDS
sophie
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 29, 2008 @ 1:13 pm
i looove your website. I had a project in school and you guys had absolutely everything and more! You rock!
banana
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 22, 2008 @ 3:15 pm
Thanks this site helped alot with my groups country project!!
Juan
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 9, 2009 @ 9:21 pm
Hi,

Thanks greatly to those who put there effort in the making of this websight
This websight helped me find out the imformation i needed for a asignment.
camZ
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 9, 2009 @ 9:21 pm
MAN TO ALL THOSE WHO PUT THE EFFORT INTO MAKING THIS WEBSITE MUCH APPRECIATION TO THOSE. I WOULD NEVER OF BEEN ABLE TO FINISH MY SCHOOL WORK WITH OUT IT
kimbo slice
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 11, 2010 @ 4:16 pm
this site is amazing and its helping me do my report thanks
lannyettah
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 21, 2012 @ 4:16 pm
I SURELY LOVE THIS WEBSITE, THANKS TO ALL THOSE WHO'VE PREPARED IT. IF IT WASN'T FOR THEM, I WOULDN'T HAVE FINISHED MY ASSIGNMENT. ANYWAYS, BECAUSE I AM PURE FIJIAN.
Inny
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jun 17, 2014 @ 4:04 am
Hello,my name is Inny and Im like commenting on this article seens i dont know my country very well much...so thank u so much to those who put up this page

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic:

CAPTCHA


Fiji forum