MEXICO



Mexico 1772
Photo by: Paul Hill

United Mexican States

Estados Unidos Mexicanos

CAPITAL : Mexico City (México)

FLAG : The national flag is a tricolor of green, white, and red vertical stripes; at the center of the white stripe, in brown and green, is an eagle with a snake in its beak, perched on a cactus.

ANTHEM : Mexicanos, al grito de guerra (Mexicans, to the Cry of War).

MONETARY UNIT : The peso ( P ) is a paper currency of 100 centavos. There are coins of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1,000, and 5,000 pesos and notes of 2,000, 5,000, 10,000, 20,000, 50,000, and 100,000 pesos. As of 1 January 1993, a new unit of currency (the new peso) was issued, worth 1,000 of the pesos that were used until 31 December 1992. P 1 = $0.0961 (or $1 = P 10.4) as of May 2003.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is the legal standard, but some old Spanish units are still in use.

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; Constitution Day, 5 February; Birthday of Benito Juárez, 21 March; Labor Day, 1 May; Anniversary of the Battle of Puebla (1862), 5 May; Opening of Congress and Presidential Address to the Nation, 1 September; Independence Day, 16 September; Columbus Day, 12 October; Revolution Day (1910), 20 November; Christmas, 25 December. Movable religious holidays include Holy Thursday, Good Friday, and Holy Saturday. All Souls' Day, 2 November, and Our Lady of Guadalupe Day, 12 December, are not statutory holidays but are widely celebrated.

TIME : 6 AM = noon GMT.


ETHNIC GROUPS

The people of Mexico are mostly mestizos, a mixture of indigenous Amerindian and Spanish heritage. There are small numbers of persons of other European heritages, and small numbers of blacks are found in Veracruz and Acapulco. At last estimates, 60% of the population was mestizo, 30% pure Amerindian, 9% pure white, and 1% other. Amerindian influence on Mexican cultural, economic, and political life is very strong.

DEPENDENCIES

Mexico has no territories or colonies.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Barkin, David. Distorted Development: Mexico in the World Economy. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1990.

Barry, Tom (ed.). Mexico: A Country Guide. Albuquerque, N.M.: Inter-Hemispheric Education Resource Center, 1992.

Carmichael, Elizabeth. The Skeleton at the Feast: The Day of the Dead in Mexico. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1992.

Changing Structure of Mexico: Political, Social, and Economic Prospects . Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 1996.

Cypher, James M. State and Capital in Mexico: Development Policy since 1940. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1990.

Diaz del Castillo, Bernal. The Discovery and Conquest of Mexico . New York: Da Capo Press, 1996.

Fuentes, Carlos. A New Time for Mexico . New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1996.

Garretón, Manuel Antonio, and Edward Newman, eds. Democracy in Latin America: (Re)constructing Political Society. New York: United Nations University Press, 2001.

Grayson, George W. The North American Free Trade Agreement. Ithaca, N.Y.: Foreign Policy Association, 1993.

Health in the Americas, 2002 edition. Washington, D.C.: Pan American Health Organization, Pan American Sanitary Bureau, Regional Office of the World Health Organization, 2002.

"History in Mexico." The Economist. 8 July 2000, vol. 356, no. 8178, p. 17.

Maxfield, Sylvia. Governing Capital: International Finance and Mexican Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990.

McElrath, Karen (ed.). HIV and AIDS: A Global View. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002.

Meyer, Michael C. The Course of Mexican History . 5th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

——, and William Beezley, eds. The Oxford History of Mexico. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Morris, Stephen D. Political Reformism in Mexico: An Overview of Contemporary Mexican Politics . Boulder, Colo.: L. Rienner, 1995.

Nord, Bruce. Mexican Social Policy: Affordability, Conflict and Progress . Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1994.

North American Free Trade Agreement: Final Text. CCH International, 1992.

Ratt, W. Dirk. Mexico and the United States: Ambivalent Vistas . Athens, Ga.: University of Georgia Press, 1996.

Ruiz, Ramón Eduardo. Triumphs and Tragedy: A History of the Mexican People. New York: W.W. Norton, 1992.

Semo, Enrique. The History of Capitalism in Mexico: Its Origins, 1521–1763. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1993.

Weintraub, Sidney (ed.). U.S.-Mexican Industrial Integration: The Road to Free Trade. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1991.

——. Mexican Trade Policy and the North American Community. Washington, D.C.: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1988.

Wilkie, James W. (ed.). Society and Economy in Mexico. Los Angeles, Calif.: UCLA Latin American Center Publications, 1990.

User Contributions:

1
jenny
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Oct 20, 2009 @ 11:11 am
i like the info posted is all true by the way i kno it because im a mexican and proud of it...=]
2
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3
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6
JELLYFISH
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