Mexico - Foreign trade



Not including exports from the maquiladoras, the most important export commodities from Mexico are crude oil and automobiles. Mexico also exports 9.5% of the world's vegetables. The top 10 exports are:

Mexico

% OF COUNTRY TOTAL
Passenger motor vehicles 10
Crude petroleum 9
Telecommunications equipment 6.8
Apparel 5.2
Electrical machinery 3.9
Television receivers 3.5
Motor vehicle parts and accessories 3.5
Electrical breakers 3.1
General industrial machinery 3.1
Engines 2.1

Mexico formerly imported mainly consumer goods, but in 2000 consumer goods accounted for only 13.1% of imports. The main imports that year were machinery and industrial supplies. In 2000 Mexico's imports were distributed among the following categories:

Mexico

Consumer goods 13.1%
Food 4.1%
Fuels 2.8%
Industrial supplies 28.1%
Machinery 35.1%
Transportation 14.3%
Other 2.5%

Principal trading partners in 2000 (in millions of US dollars) were as follows:

Mexico

COUNTRY EXPORTS IMPORTS BALANCE
United States 147,186 139,558 7,628
Canada 3,301 4,146 -845
Spain 1,527 1,656 -129
Germany 1,460 6,116 -4,656
Japan 938 7,541 -6,603
United Kingdom 860 1,176 -316
Brazil 537 1,954 -1,417
China (inc. Hong Kong) 416 3,605 -3,189
Italy 225 2,418 -2,193
Korea 200 4,009 -3,809

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