The population of Czech Republic in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 10,236,000, which placed it as number 76 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 14% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 16% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 95 males for every 100 females in the country in 2003. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2000–2005 is -0.10%, with the projected population for the year 2015 at 10,076,000. The population density in 2002 was 130 per sq km (337 per sq mi). The population is most dense in north and central Bohemia and in Monrovia.
It was estimated by the Population Reference Bureau that 75% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001. The capital city, Prague, had a population of 1,225,000 in that year. Other major cities include Brno, 392,614; Ostrava, 327,371; and Pilsen, 173,008. According to the United Nations, the urban population growth rate is at a standstill.