China - Flora and fauna



China Flora And Fauna 1918
Photo by: Olga Khoroshunova

Much of China's natural vegetation has been replaced or altered by thousands of years of human settlement, but isolated areas still support one of the world's richest and most varied collections of plants and animals. Nearly every major plant found in the tropical and temperate zones of the northern hemisphere can be found there. In all, more than 7,000 species of woody plants have been recorded, of which there are 2,800 timber trees and over 300 species of gymnosperms. The rare gingko tree, cathaya tree, and metasequoia, long extinct elsewhere, can still be found growing in China. Among flowering plants, 650 of the 800 known varieties of azalea occur in China, while 390 of the 450 known varieties of primrose and about 230 of the 400 known varieties of gentian are also found there. The tree peony, which originated in Shandong Province, appears in 400 varieties.

The richest and most extensive needle-leaf forests occur in the Greater Hinggan ling (Khingan) Mountains of the northeast, where stands of larch, Asian white birch, and Scotch pine flourish, and in the Lesser Hinggan ling (Khingan) Mountains, with stands of Korean pine and Dahurian larch. In the Sichuan (Szechuan) Basin, vegetation changes with altitude to embrace a variety of conifers at high levels, deciduous trees and cypresses at middle elevations, and bamboo in lower elevations. Farther south, in subtropical Fujian and Zhejiang provinces, broadleaf evergreen forests predominate. Forests give way to natural grasslands and scrub in drier western and northwestern areas, especially in the semiarid regions of Shanxi and Shaanxi, in the steppes of Inner Mongolia, and along the desert margins of the Tarim and Junggar basins.

China's most celebrated wild animal is the giant panda, a rare mammal now found in the wild only in remote areas of Sichuan, Gansu, and Shanxi provinces; as of 1994, just over 500 wild pandas were still in their natural state. Other fauna unique to China include the golden-haired monkey, found in remote parts of Shaanxi, Gansu, Sichuan, Guizhou, and Yunnan; the northeast China tiger, found in the Lesser Hinggan ling and Changbai mountains along the Korean border; the Chinese river dolphin and Chinese alligator, both found along the middle and lower Yangtze River; the rare David's deer and the white-lipped deer, the latter found mainly in Qinghai Province and Tibet; a rare kind of white bear found in Hubei Province; and the lancelet, an ancient species of fish representing a transitional stage between invertebrate and vertebrate development, now found only in Fujian Province. In addition, more than 1,000 species of birds have been recorded. Among the rarer kinds are the mandarin duck, the white-crowned long-tailed pheasant, golden pheasant, Derby's parakeet, yellow-backed sunbird, red-billed leiothrix, and red-crowned crane.

User Contributions:

1
Julie
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Dec 17, 2007 @ 3:03 am
i think it is very good because it is interesting and because i am doing a project about it
2
Emily
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Oct 1, 2008 @ 11:23 pm
This really helps because im doing a project on this
3
matt
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Oct 20, 2008 @ 2:02 am
This is a really good site its got heaps of good info. Keep up the good work. Every time I need info on this I will come here again.
4
secret
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Mar 25, 2009 @ 3:03 am
This site is awsome it realy helped me o complete a project i was givin!! Keep up the good work!!!
5
Me of course
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Mar 25, 2009 @ 3:03 am
HELPED ME GET AN A+ THANKS GUYS U ROCK!!!!!!!!!!YAH
6
JOE
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Mar 30, 2009 @ 2:02 am
THANKS SO SO SO MUCH IT WASS GREAT HELP !!!!!!!!!!!!!
7
Grace
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May 9, 2009 @ 3:03 am
This website was excellent, it really helped me get my assignment done! Thank you so much!
8
booky (not my rl name)
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Aug 13, 2009 @ 2:02 am
good, but i wish it went into more detail about the animals. keep up the good work!! =)
9
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Mar 10, 2010 @ 2:14 pm
This was very helpful and, like everyone else, I am doing a project on china! lol! Anyway, thanks =)
10
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Jun 15, 2010 @ 1:01 am
This site is really good cause it's got heaps of really good info! Which is great because I'm doing a project on China. :)
11
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Aug 2, 2010 @ 4:04 am
This is Really Helpfull As I Am Doing a Sheet On China.
12
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Aug 29, 2010 @ 2:02 am
this has realy helped me with my prdgect and i will come hear again if i need to
13
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Aug 6, 2011 @ 12:00 am
yeah so what was the fauna and flora anyway can anyone tell me please tell me because i'm doing a project on china and I need the flora and fauna.
14
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May 31, 2012 @ 1:01 am
great information for my project.I am doing a project on china and i need info. on flora and fauna! Thanks for the assist.
15
Lucy
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Aug 7, 2012 @ 2:02 am
i think that this web is good because i'm doing a travel expo on china
16
xavier
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May 3, 2013 @ 8:08 am
This helped me with my 18-slide PowerPoint's Flora & Fauna part!
Thank You! Gracias!
17
tanya
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Jun 19, 2014 @ 1:01 am
IT HELPED ME GET A+ AND I AM ALSO DOING A PROJECT ON CHINA
18
That randomGuy
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May 6, 2015 @ 4:16 pm
Thanks this was really cool and informing, it helped me with a BIG project due next WEEK

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