People's Republic of China
Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo
CAPITAL : Beijing (Peking)
FLAG : The flag is red with five gold stars in the upper left quadrant; one large star is near the hoist and four smaller ones are arranged in an arc to the right.
ANTHEM : March of the Volunteers.
MONETARY UNIT : The renminbi, or "people's money," denominated in yuan ( Y ), is equivalent to 10 jiao or 100 fen. There are coins of 1, 2, and 5 fen, 1, 2, and 5 jiao, and 1 yuan, and notes of 1, 2, and 5 fen, 1, 2, and 5 jiao, and 1, 2, 5, 10, 50, and 100 yuan. Y 1 = $0.12097 (or $1 = Y 8.266) as of January 2003.
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is the legal standard, but some Chinese units remain in common use.
HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; Spring Festival (Chinese New Year), from the 1st to the 3d day of the first moon of the lunar calendar, usually in February; International Women's Day, 8 March; May Day, 1 May; Army Day, 1 August; Teachers' Day, 9 September; and National Day, 1–2 October.
TIME : 8 PM = noon GMT.
Aspalter, Christian. Conservative Welfare State Systems in East Asia. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2001.
Bailey, Paul. China in the Twentieth Century. New York: B. Blackwell, 1988.
Baranovitch, Nimrod. China's New Voices: Popular Music, Ethnicity, Gender, and Politics, 1978–1997. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 2003.
Bernstein, Richard. The Coming Conflict with China. New York: A. A. Knopf, 1997.
China: from the Long March to Tiananmen Square. New York: H. Holt, 1990.
De Keijzer, Arne J. China: Business Strategies for the '90s. Berkeley, California: Pacific View Press, 1992.
Ebrey, Patricia B. The Cambridge Illustrated History of China. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Evans, Harriet. Women and Sexuality in China: Dominant Discourses of Female Sexuality and Gender Since 1949. Cambridge, U.K.: Polity Press, 1997.
Evans, Richard. Deng Xiaoping and the Making of Modern China. New York: Viking, 1994.
Fairbank, John King. China: a New History. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1992.
Gray, Jack. Rebellions and Revolutions: China from the 1800s to the 1980s. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.
Hamilton, Gary (ed.). Cosmopolitan Capitalists: Hong Kong and the Chinese Diaspora at the End of the 20th Century. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999.
Howland, Douglas. Borders of Chinese Civilization: Geography and History at Empire's End. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1996.
Hsu, Immanuel Chung-yueh. The Rise of Modern China. 5th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Kaye, Lincoln. Cousin Felix Meets the Buddha. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2003.
LaFleur, Robert. China: A Global Studies Handbook. San Diego, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2003.
——. Foreign Trade and Economic Reform in China, 1978–1990. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Leung, Edwin Pak-wah. Historical Dictionary of Revolutionary China, 1839–1976. New York: Greenwood Press, 1992.
Leys, Simon. The Burning Forest: Essays on Chinese Culture and Politics. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1986.
Lin, Bih-jaw (ed.). The Aftermath of the 1989 Tiananmen Crisis in Mainland China. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1992.
Mackerras, Colin. China's Minorities: Integration and Modernization in the Twentieth Century. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.
——. Dictionary of the Politics of the People's Republic of China. London: Routledge, 1998.
McElrath, Karen (ed.). HIV and AIDS: A Global View. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002.
McGivering, Jill. Macao Remembers. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Meyer, David R. Hong Kong as a Global Metropolis. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Milwertz, Cecilia N. Accepting Population Control: Urban Chinese Women and the One-Child Family Policy. Richmond, Surrey, UK: Curzon, 1997.
Ogden, Suzanne. China's Unresolved Issues: Politics, Development, and Culture. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1995.
One China, Many Paths. London: Verso, 2003.
Perkins, Dorothy. Encyclopedia of China: The Essential Reference to China, Its History and Culture. New York: Facts on File, 1999.
Rawski, Thomas G., and Lillian M. Li (eds.). Chinese History in Economic Perspective. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.
Ross, Robert S. Negotiating Cooperation: The United States and China, 1969–1989. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1995.
Schrecker, John E. The Chinese Revolution in Historical Perspective. New York: Greenwood Press, 1991.
Terrill, Ross. Mao: A Biography. New York: Harper and Row, 1980. Updated, with a new introduction, N.Y.: Simon and Schuster, 1993.
Zhang, Yongjin. China's Emerging Global Businesses: Political Economy and Institutional Investigations. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.
Zurlo, Tony. China. San Diego, Calif.: Greenhaven Press, 2003.