The Sihanouk and Lon Nol governments enacted limited social legislation regulating hours of work, wages, and workers' compensation. During the Pol Pot period, the social fabric of the country was severely damaged. Although installation of the PRK government brought an end to the wide-ranging trauma of 1975–79, overall social conditions in Cambodia remain among the worst in southeast Asia. Unstable conditions have also limited improvement in the standard of living, still one of the lowest in the region.
Cambodia's 1993 constitution provides equal rights for women in areas including work and marriage. Women have property rights equal to those of men, and have equal access to education and certain jobs. However, traditional views of the roles of women act to prevent women from reaching senior posts in government and business. Domestic violence against women remains a widespread problem.
In 1993, widespread racial violence led many ethnic Vietnamese to flee the country. Some of these refugees have now returned to Cambodia, but they continue to face considerable official and social discrimination.
Cambodia's human rights record includes a number of abuses, including extrajudicial killings, and other uses of excessive force by security forces. Impunity for such abuses remains a problem.