Afghanistan - Topography

Although the average altitude of Afghanistan is about 1,200 m (4,000 ft), the Hindu Kush mountain range rises to more than 6,100 m (20,000 ft) in the northern corner of the Wakhan panhandle in the northeast and continues in a southwesterly direction for about 970 km (600 mi), dividing the northern provinces from the rest of the country. Central Afghanistan, a plateau with an average elevation of 1,800 m (6,000 ft), contains many small fertile valleys and provides excellent grazing for sheep, goats, and camels. To the north of the Hindu Kush and the central mountain range, the altitude drops to about 460 m (1,500 ft), permitting the growth of cotton, fruits, grains, ground nuts, and other crops. Southwestern Afghanistan is a desert, hot in summer and cold in winter. The four major river systems are the Amu Darya (Oxus) in the north, flowing into the Aral Sea; the Harirud and Morghab in the west; the Helmand in the southwest; and the Kabul in the east, flowing into the Indus. There are few lakes.

User Contributions:

Report this comment as inappropriate
Aug 30, 2009 @ 4:16 pm
I am writing about Afghanistan's topography at school, and this webpage really gave me some great information! It is so cool! Thank you, Encyclopedia of the Nations!
Report this comment as inappropriate
Sep 23, 2009 @ 9:09 am
I am writing a paper in school on Afghanistan's topography also and this website gave me very useful information. Thank you smart people!!
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 8, 2009 @ 9:09 am
I commented earlier and it took me forever to find this page again!! AHHH!! i finally found it!! im so happy! :):):):)
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 13, 2011 @ 8:08 am
this site is so helpful and it told me alot and i need it for a paper
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jun 5, 2013 @ 6:18 pm
I'm doing a power point on Afghanistan for school, and I can't thank this website enough! I couldn't seem to find this information anywhere else!!! Thanks!;D
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 20, 2015 @ 9:21 pm
I am writing an article about Afghanistan for school and this information is very good thank you smart people!
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 12, 2018 @ 1:01 am
Im doing a very important test on Afghanistan at school and this info is very useful. Thanks.

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic: