Rwanda - Migration



Before independence, many Rwandans, compelled by famine and underemployment, migrated to neighboring Zaire (now DROC), Uganda, and Tanzania. The Hutu and Tutsi political quarrels have caused numerous Tutsi to flee their homeland, many of them going to Burundi, where there were 245,600 refugees at the end of 1992. In the mid-1960s, nearly 400,000 Rwandans were listed as permanent residents of Uganda. Some 85,800 Rwandan refugees were in Uganda at the end of 1992.

With renewed violence in 1994, one half of Rwanda's 7.5 million population was forced to flee their homes. Of these displaced persons, 2.4 million refugees fled to neighboring countries. In 1996, violence in Burundi forced 100,000 Rwandans to repatriate. After the civil war in the DROC in October of 1996, 720,000 of the 1.1 million Rwandan refugees were forced to repatriate. In 1996 and early 1997, Tanzania returned 480,000 Rwandan refugees from its western regions. Another 10,000 returned from Uganda. In addition, one million refugees who left Rwanda in the 1950s and 1960s have also returned since 1994. By the end of 1997, fewer than 100,000 Rwandans remained outside the country; some 30,000 of these in the DROC were expected to return.

As of 1999, Rwanda hosted some 36,000 refugees and asylum-seekers, including Congolese, Burundi, Somalis, Ethiopians, and Sudanese. More than 30,000 refugees from the DROC were situated in two camps, Kiziba in Kibuye Prefecture and Gihembe in Byumba Prefecture. There was also an urban group of refugees and asylum-seekers in Kigali. In 2000 the net migration rate was 62.8 migrants per 1,000 population, a significant change from -58.4 per 1,000 in 1990.

User Contributions:

1
chris
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Oct 19, 2007 @ 5:05 am
thank you this really helped me on my homework projest assesment thanks to this i may get a good grade.
2
Jonathan
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Feb 11, 2009 @ 9:09 am
This has a great resource for my project. I'm a ninth grader that goes to south. We're doing a project about migration in a foriegn country. My group chose rwanda and these are great basics for this project. Thanks a ton
3
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Nov 26, 2010 @ 10:10 am
Thanks sooo much... this is what my group topic was on and it was a great resource. Really
4
Katie Perry
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Jan 1, 2011 @ 3:15 pm
This was extremely helpful for my project, thank you.
5
Charlotte
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Apr 24, 2011 @ 4:04 am
This was great because i had to write an essay on the migration :)
6
Kat
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Oct 8, 2014 @ 8:20 pm
This helped me alot on my project on Rwanda!Thanks!!!:D
7
Pip
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Nov 8, 2014 @ 10:10 am
Thanks a bunch. Now I might get a good grade on my project on Rwanda
8
Martha
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Nov 16, 2016 @ 6:06 am
This helped me on my summative assessment in school!!
9
Wilson zhan
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Mar 22, 2018 @ 10:10 am
this helped me a lot for my MUN speech as I am the seond speaker of our resolution paper. Thanks!
10
bIG NUt
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Aug 31, 2018 @ 4:16 pm
If one could commence marriage with a film, Bee Movie would be my first and only husband. Toting a false picture of a children's movie, this philosophical noir picture shows viewers what it truly means to reflect. Jerry Seinfeld shows us his serious side with a large, looming darkness in his shadowy, somber voice. Taking inspiration from such films as "The Shawshank Redemption" and "Clockwork Orange", Bee Movie sets in stone, a place in film history for the next hundred years. Matthew Broderick shows viewers that his days of Ferris Bueller are long behind him. Broderick takes us on a journey with his guiding voice and poignant acting ability. A warning to the weak-of-heart or weak-of-mind, this film will throw your emotions into a laundry mat of exposure and make you think and reflect as you have never done before. I personally credit this movie to my realization that I wasn't spending enough time with my wife and children, moving me so much as to nearly end my own life. But once I finally came full circle with this film, I realized that all Barry wanted was for me to introspectively look at my own soul and body, and find the love for myself that I needed. Thank you Barry, thank you Bee Movie.
11
ab
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Oct 16, 2018 @ 9:21 pm
Thanks, I'm doing my project last minute and I really needed this information.
12
abby
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Nov 24, 2018 @ 1:01 am
Nice information. It is the help for my summative.
13
Mohammed
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Jul 17, 2019 @ 11:11 am
Hello, I want to work in Rwanda what's steps should i flow to work ,
Thank you

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