Mozambique - Ethnic groups

In 1998, 99.66% of the population was made up of indigenous tribal groups, including the Shangaan, Chokwe, Manyika, Sena, and Makua. Overall, there are 10 major ethnic clusters. The largest, residing north of the Zambezi, is the Makua-Lomwé group, representing about 37% of the total population. The Yao (Ajawa) live in Niassa Province. The Makonde live mainly along the Rovuma River. Other northern groups are the Nguni (who also live in the far south) and the Maravi. South of the Zambezi, the main group is the Tsonga (about 23%), who have figured prominently as Mozambican mine laborers in South Africa. The Chopi are coastal people of Inhambane Province. The Shona or Karanga (about 9%) dwell in the central region. Also living in Mozambique in the 1990s were Euro-Africans, accounting for0.2% of the population; Europeans, making up 0.06%; and Indians, constituting 0.08%.

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User Contributions:

Angelina Santana
Very interesting and informative. Love the information about the tribes.
Do the ethnic backgrounds intermingle and do they get along, have there been any wars or conflicts between them?

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