UKRAINE





Ukraina

CAPITAL : Kiev (Kyyiv)

FLAG : Equal horizontal bands of azure blue (top) and yellow.

ANTHEM : The National Anthem of Ukraine.

MONETARY UNIT : The official currency, introduced in early 1993, is the hryvnia ( HRN ), which consists of 100 shahy. $1 = HRN 5.33; as of January 2003.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is used.

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1–2 January; Christmas, 7 January; Women's Day, 8 March; Spring and Labor Day, 1–2 May; Victory Day, 9 May; Ukrainian Independence Day, 24 August.

TIME : 2 PM = noon GMT.


FLORA AND FAUNA

The land's soil, chernozyom (black soil), is very fertile. When the Ukraine was part of the former Soviet Union it was called the country's "bread basket." European bison, fox, and rabbits can be found living on the vast steppes of the country.

ETHNIC GROUPS

According to the latest estimates, 73% of the total population is Ukrainian. Russians form 22%, mainly in eastern Ukraine. The population of Crimea is about 70% Russian. Jews account for 1% of the populace, and various other ethnic groups comprise the remaining 4%.

LANGUAGES

Like Russian, Ukrainian is an eastern Slavic language. It has several distinctive vowel and consonant sounds, however. It is written in the Cyrillic alphabet but has three extra letters. Ukrainian began to emerge as a separate language from Russian in the late 12th century. In addition to Ukrainian and Russian, Romanian, Polish, and Hungarian are also spoken.

FAMOUS UKRAINIANS

Leonid M. Kravchuk and Vitold P. Fokin were respectively the first president and prime minister of Ukraine. Leonid Brezhnev (Dneprodzershinsk, Ukraine, 1906–82) led the Soviet Union from 1966–82. Outstanding representatives of the culture and literature of Ukraine include poet Taras Shevchenko (1814–61) and the Jewish writer Sholom Aleichem (Solomon Rabinowitz, 1859–1916).

DEPENDENCIES

Ukraine has no territories or colonies.

Read about the Culture of Ukraine. More about Ukraine's Culture.

Read about the Geography of Ukraine.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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Chirovsky, Nicholas L. An Introduction to Ukrainian History. New York: Philosophical Library, 1981.

Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe. Focus on Serious Challenges Facing Ukraine . Washington, D.C.: The Commission, 1994.

Conquest, Robert. The Harvest of Sorrow: Soviet Collectivization and the Terror-famine. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Dallin, Alexander, ed. Political Parties in Russia. Berkeley: International and Area Studies, University of California at Berkeley, 1993.

Dean, Martin. Collaboration in the Holocaust: Crimes of the Local Police in Belorussia and Ukraine, 1941–44. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000.

Durgo, A. S., ed. Russia Changes: The Events of August 1991 and the Russian Constitution. Commack, N.Y.: Nova Science, 1992.

Goncharenko, Alexander. Ukrainian-Russian Relations: an Unequal Partnership . London: Royal United Services Institute for Defense Studies, 1995.

Gordon, Linda. Cossack Rebellions: Social Turmoil in the Sixteenth-century Ukraine. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1983.

Grimsted, Patricia Kennedy. Archives and Manuscript Repositories in the USSR, Ukraine, and Moldavia. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1988.

Hosking, Geoffrey A., ed. Church, Nation and State in Russia and Ukraine. New York: St. Martin's, 1991.

Koropeckyj, I. S., ed. The Ukrainian Economy: Achievements, Problems, Challenges. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1992.

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Sevcenko, Ihor. Byzantine Roots of Ukrainian Christianity. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University, 1984.

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Subtelny, Orest. Ukraine: A History . Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994.

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Yeltsin, Boris Nikolayevich. The Struggle for Russia. New York: Times Books, 1994.

User Contributions:

htt://ua.landed.ru
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May 26, 2007 @ 7:19 pm
Also, Ukraine is a small risk involved place to make business.
Rates are fast growing. Investors are in awaitness of political storm
stopping and stabilisation in Real Estate legal market. Anyway the indices are growing!
L&ED
Gavriil
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Nov 14, 2012 @ 4:04 am
There are the mistakes in this article: The official currency of Ukraine the HRYVNIA was introduced in september 1996 and it consists of 100 copecks

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