Switzerland - Agriculture



Switzerland Agriculture 1521
Photo by: Barbara Helgason

Some 444,000 ha (1,097,000 acres), or about 11% of the country's total land area, is under seasonal or permanent crops. Most of the cultivable land is in the Mittelland, or central plateau, and the cantons regularly producing the largest quantities of wheat are Bern, Vaud, Fribourg, Zürich, and Aargau. Soil quality is often poor, but yields have been increasing as a result of modern technology. In 2001, agricluture contributed 2% to GDP.

Agricultural production provides only about 60% of the nation's food needs. Although productivity per worker has been increasing steadily, the proportion of the total labor force engaged in agriculture has fallen from 30% in 1900 to about 4.3% in 1999. Between 1955 and 1985, the number of farm holdings fell from 205,997 to 119,731. Some principal crops, with their production figures for 1999, were as follows: potatoes, 484,000 tons; sugar beets, 1,187,000 tons; wheat, 500,000 tons; barley, 263,000 tons; maize, 183,000 tons; oats, 30,000 tons; and rye, 19,000 tons. In the same year, a total of 130,000 tons of wine were produced, and there were 15,000 hectares (37,000 acres) of vineyards.

Swiss agricultural policy is highly regulated, with fixed prices and quota restrictions maintained on several products. Domestic production is encouraged by the imposition of protective customs and duties on imported goods, and by restrictions on imports. The Federal Council has the authority to fix prices of bread grains, flour, milk, and other foodstuffs. Production costs in Switzerland, as well as international exchange rates favorable to the Swiss franc, make competition with foreign products difficult. This highly protectionist system has led to excess production and mounting costs associated with the management of surpluses. The Uruguay Round and subsequent Swiss implementation of its provisions in July 1995 (along with rising costs in the agricultural sector) has forced the government to begin reforming its agricultural support system.

User Contributions:

Murron Harrison
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 6, 2008 @ 11:11 am
Hi,
I'm doing a Switzerland project in school right now for Geography! Your website has really helped me on agriculture and farming!
From
MURRON HARRISON
Karla
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 24, 2008 @ 3:15 pm
Hey,
I'm doing a speech on Switzerland and this website has helped me a lot thanks!
Grant Duarte
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 27, 2008 @ 5:17 pm
I'm doing a speech on Switzerland in school, and this helped me alot for Agriculture.
Christine W
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 20, 2008 @ 7:19 pm
Hi,
In school I am researching a country I'd like to immigrate to and I picked Switzerland. This really helped me on the agriculture section. Thank you soo much !
person
Report this comment as inappropriate
Aug 18, 2008 @ 6:18 pm
Thanks. I'm doing a project on switzerland for french class.I got to choose my country. So I chose this one! Your website has given me most of the information I needed. Again, THANKS!!!!!!!
K114
Report this comment as inappropriate
Aug 31, 2008 @ 3:03 am
Thanks. I am doing an olympic country poster and this website was a great one. It especially helped me with the agriculture. I am very happy that i found this website it helps alot. I now hope that i get an excellent mark for my poster thanks.xxooxxooxxooxxoo
jacqueline
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 27, 2008 @ 4:16 pm
Hi:)
I am doing a project about switzerland for social studies.
your website helped me alot and i understood the subject better.
Thx for your help!
Alexandra Hane
Report this comment as inappropriate
Dec 10, 2008 @ 8:20 pm
I am doing a project for Geography on Switzerland, and this website helped me a lot. Thanks!!!! :)
Ben
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 3, 2009 @ 7:19 pm
Wow, this helped a lot with the agriculture aspect of a Switzerland project I am doing for Geography class. Thanks for making this webpage!
conneur
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 6, 2009 @ 8:08 am
omg!!!!!!
we're ttaotally doing a project in school too!!!!!
and omg i can't even thank you enough for all this fabulous information
thanks alllll hehehehehehehehe :))))
Niyalish
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 16, 2010 @ 2:14 pm
hey thnks for the help but could someone tell me wat are some of the main foods people eat in switzeralnd? thnx yur site helped!!! answer my question plaes thnx again!!!
karli
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 10, 2010 @ 11:11 am
this has really helped me in school for a project. I showed this to my friend and she loves it alot
Anika
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 15, 2011 @ 3:15 pm
I am doing a report, but seeing as how I am in elementary school this was a little hard for me to understand. I got it eventually, though, so thanks, but please make it a little easier to grasp.
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 28, 2011 @ 6:06 am
I`m doing some question on type of agriculture practiced in Switzerland,this helped me a lot for my question.
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 6, 2011 @ 3:15 pm
I am doing a project in schoolo write now for something that my school calls small small world and this website has helped a lot.
sascha
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jun 30, 2011 @ 6:06 am
thanks a lot I was doing a project and this has really helped me out
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 23, 2011 @ 8:08 am
This website is awesome it helped me bunches for my project
Corgi
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 27, 2011 @ 8:20 pm
Thank you Advameg for making this website! I hope that you have updated it since 2008! It has helped a lot with my project for Switzerland.
Jack
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 31, 2012 @ 5:17 pm
Thanks, I'm doing a report on Switzerland, and I really need something for my 30 page essay.
Haley
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 22, 2012 @ 8:20 pm
Thank you soo much this website has helped me so much on my switzerland report for social studies.
David B
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jun 7, 2012 @ 11:11 am
Hopefully the Swiss will keep their independence - Not subscribing to WTO and the global facist corporate economy. Destroyed the U.S. manufacturing, construction, service industry. in the last few years, all the high-rises in Charlotte, NC were built forigners.

A country should strive to produce its own food, shelters, energy, and all it's other necesseties -- and have a surplus. Swiszerland is what the U.S. should have been and would have been if the robber-barons hadn't taken back what we have taken from Britian. Swiss is one of the few cauntries left where "Independence" isn't a 4 letter word.
Harish
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jul 22, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
I am from India... Can I buy land and do farming in switzerlan?
tesfamichael afewerki
Report this comment as inappropriate
Aug 24, 2012 @ 10:10 am
Wow that is so great and informative, because I have got vital ground on the field of agriculture from your website.thank you so much!!!
Comet
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 7, 2012 @ 4:04 am
I'm doing a school project and on this site I got more than I bargained for! Normally in school
Projects I never learn anything, I put it in my own words and write it down but here I actally read
this for learning (and projects)! Thank you!! :)
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 24, 2012 @ 2:02 am
IT HELPED ME IN MY SCHOOL PROJECT IN INDIA .THAT INFORMATION WAS SUPERB AND I GOT FULL MARKS. HATS-OFF TO YOU
kent harold durano
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 21, 2013 @ 6:06 am
hahah its nice it helped me for my project in school in philippines for switzerland agriculture and histories :P
randomer
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 26, 2013 @ 4:04 am
I am doing a project in french class about Switzerland and this website has really helped me ALOT!!
Chelsea
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 14, 2013 @ 6:06 am
Like those above, I'm also doing a project on the economy of Switzerland (this country is friggin' amazing), because, well, it DOES have one of the most stable economies in the world. Thanks for providing all this helpful information. :)
Random
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 19, 2013 @ 10:22 pm
I'm also doing a school project and this website really really helped me out. THX
Aline Umulisa Paula
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jun 26, 2013 @ 12:12 pm
This was so Awe some Web site. I was doing a social studies, and I did it very well. Thank you so much.
Ellen
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 2, 2014 @ 9:09 am
This is interesting, and I'm wondering if there is any factory farming in Switzerland? I've seen lots of cows in the fields, but it doesn't seem possible that those cows could produce all the milk for all the cheese that is produced...
Zaelon Sledge
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 8, 2014 @ 1:13 pm
Thanks so much this really helped me out in my research project thanks for your time and cooperation

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic:

CAPTCHA


Switzerland forum