Martinho da Costa Lopes (1918–1991) was a Timorese priest with close ties to the Portuguese colonial government and an early advocate for the Timorese people. In 1996, exiled proindependence leader Jose Ramos-Horta (b.1949) and Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo (b.1948) shared the Nobel Peace Prize. Bishop Belo was the highest representative of the Roman Catholic Church in predominantly Catholic East Timor, and was a strong advocate of non-violent resistance. Ramos-Horta served as the UN representative for the East Timorese cause from 1976–89. Jose Alexandre "Xanana" Gusmao (b.1946) was a former FALINTIL (Armed Forces of National Liberation of East Timor) and FRETILIN (Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor) guerrilla leader and East Timor's first president. He was imprisoned by the Indonesian army in 1992 and released in 1999. He was elected president in April 2002.