Nigeria - Environment

Nigeria Environment 1656
Photo by: EcoView

Many of Nigeria's environmental problems are those typical of developing states. Excessive cultivation has resulted in loss of soil fertility. Increased cutting of timber has made inroads into forest resources, exceeding replantings. By 1985, deforestation claimed 1,544 square miles of the nation's forest land. Between 1983 and 1993 alone, Nigeria lost 20% of its forest and woodland areas. Oil spills, the burning of toxic wastes, and urban air pollution are problems in more developed areas. In the early 1990s, Nigeria was among the 50 nations with the world's highest levels of carbon dioxide emissions, which totaled 96.5 million metric tons, a per capita level of 0.84 metric tons. Water pollution is also a problem due to improper handling of sewage. Nigeria has 221 cubic kilometers of renewable water resources. Fifty-four percent is used for farming activity and 15% for industrial purposes. Safe drinking water is available to 78% of urban dwellers and 49% of the rural population. The principal environmental agencies are the Environmental Planning and Protection Division of the Federal Ministry of Works and Housing, and the analogous division within the federal Ministry of Industry.

In 2001, 26 of Nigeria's mammal species were threatened. Nine types of birds and 16 plant species were also endangered. Endangered species include the drill, Presuu's red colobus, and the Ibadan malimbe. The Sahara oryx has become extinct in the wild.

User Contributions:

Ahmed sekoni
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Sep 15, 2007 @ 3:15 pm
hello, i would be glad if you can expantiate more on URBANIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM IN NIGERIA.
akinyele olubukola
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Sep 15, 2008 @ 9:09 am
am so happy to come across this site and God bless you,please how do i get to know more about environmental wastes management in oil and gas.thank you.
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Jan 2, 2009 @ 1:13 pm
U guys have really made things easy for us. Job well done. I have been using this site for a while now and its been very useful, God bless ur crew.
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Feb 3, 2010 @ 7:07 am
I read through your article on thebad state of the Nigeria environment, very interesting, but the i think the Niger Delta issue is more challenging, they had suffered pollution,poverty, and repression, hence please in your next article focusd on this area . Let the whole world know. Cheers.
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Apr 21, 2010 @ 3:03 am
this site is one in a million. it has made easy to understand what seems very difficult. you have succeeded in braking down the problems of nigerian environment. i will be greatfull if possible solutions are sogested and implemented to improve on our environmental conditions.
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Jan 16, 2011 @ 9:21 pm
a beautiful article on the environment, i would like to read more, especially on the nigerdelta
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Jan 31, 2011 @ 9:21 pm
Greetings guys! This site has been my helper since i was meant to understand why it is necessary to count on u guys.Thanks & keep the good work.
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Feb 8, 2011 @ 9:09 am
Thanks for helping in raising public awareness about environmental challenges facing Nigeria. i will appreciate if you can discuss about the DIMENSIONS OF URBAN ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH HAZARDS in the Country
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Mar 21, 2011 @ 1:01 am
I will like to know more on enviromental dynamice in nigeria
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Aug 29, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
environmental problem in Nigeria is an issue we need to discuss about,it is very painful when i see my environment how it look like please i will appreciate if there is a program for this issue in other to call people attention for the awareness of our environment.meanwhile i need to know in what area we youth can tender our help concerning this issue.
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Nov 7, 2011 @ 12:12 pm
This article really helped me. Im doing a peroject and i had to look up enviroment and this article explained so much. I didnt know that it was that bad in nigeria till i read this.
oden andrew(strong better andrew)
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Jul 25, 2012 @ 10:22 pm
this site has help in profounding solution to hidden questions on the environment and i pray god keep helping you.pls kindly mail me any material on the topic:problems associated with population and its environment
kachala Y. Dambura
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Jul 30, 2012 @ 2:02 am
i really enjoy this, well done job, iwill b happy if u can help talk the issue of deforestation and potentials of forest reserves in savanna region. Specifically northeastern region. Thank you
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Oct 17, 2012 @ 5:05 am
A good job you guys are doing over there I must confess. Pls can U identify the MAJOR Nigerian environmental problem and there solutions. Thnks pls copy me at
Abdullahi S. Majen-wayya
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Feb 22, 2013 @ 9:09 am
I'm glad to see this interested site. It enlighen the public on how to manage the environment, so as to tackle the environmental problems facing nigeria like erosion in the south and drought anda desertification in the north.

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