Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria

Al-Jumhuriyah al-Jaza'iriyah ad-Dimuqratiyah ash-Sha'biyah

CAPITAL : Algiers (Alger)

FLAG: The national flag consists of two equal vertical stripes, one green and one white, with a red crescent enclosing a five-pointed red star in the center.

ANTHEM: Kassaman (We Pledge).

MONETARY UNIT: The Algerian dinar ( DA ) is a paper currency of 100 centimes. There are coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, and 50 centimes and 1, 5 and 10 dinars, and notes of 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 dinars. DA 1 = $0.0127 (or $1 = DA 78.46) as of May 2003.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES: The metric system is the legal standard.

HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Labor Day, 1 May; Overthrow of Ben Bella, 19 June; Independence Day, 5 July; Revolution Day, 1 November. Muslim religious holidays include 'Id al-Fitr, 'Id al-'Adha', 1st of Muharram (Muslim New Year), and Milad an-Nabi. Christians observe their own religious holidays.



Algeria was admitted to the UN on 8 October 1962 and is a member of ECA and all the non-regional specialized agencies, including the IFC. Algeria also participates in the African Development Bank, G-77, League of Arab States, African Union, and OPEC. The nation is a signatory of the Law of the Sea and an applicant to the WTO.


Fishing is fairly extensive along the coast, but the industry is relatively undeveloped. Sardines, bogue, mackerel, anchovies, and shellfish are caught. The 2000 catch was 100,000 tons, down from 135,402 tons in 1994.


Algeria has no territories or colonies.


Benjamin, Roger. Renoir and Algeria. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003.

Bennoune, Mahfoud. The Making of Contemporary Algeria, 1830–1987: Colonial Upheavals and Post-independence Development. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Boissier, Gaston. Roman Africa: Archaeological Walks in Algeria and Tunis. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1999.

Christelow, Allan. Muslim Law Courts and the French Colonial State in Algeria. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1985.

Entelis, John P. State and Society in Algeria. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1992.

Fanon, Frantz. The Wretched of the Earth. New York: Grove Press, 1966 (orig. 1961).

Fuller, Graham E. Algeria, the Next Fundamentalist State? Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand, 1996.

Heggory, Alf Andrew, and Philip Naylor Chiviges. The Historical Dictionary of Algeria . 2d ed. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1994.

Hutchinson, Martha C. Revolutionary Terrorism: The FLN in Algeria. Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 1978.

Joly, Daniele. The French Communist Party and the Algerian War. Houndmills, England: Macmillan, 1991.

Kaye, Jacqueline. The Ambiguous Compromise: Language, Literature, and National Identity in Algeria and Morocco. London and New York: Routledge, 1990.

Kettle, Michael. De Gaulle and Algeria, 1940–1960: from Mers el-Kebir to the Algiers Barricades [sic.]. London: Quartet Books, 1993.

Knauss, Peter R. The Persistence of Patriarchy: Class, Gender, and Ideology in Twentieth Century Algeria. New York: Praeger, 1987.

McDougall, James (ed.). Nation, Society and Culture in North Africa. London: Frank Cass Publishers, 2003.

MacMaster, Neil. Colonial Migrants and Racism: Algerians in France, 1900–62. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997.

Malley, Robert. The Call from Algeria: Third Worldism, Revolution, and the Turn to Islam. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996.

Metz, Helen Chapin (ed.). Algeria: A Country Study . 5th ed. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, 1994.

Roberts, Hugh. Battlefield Algeria 1988–2002: Studies in a Broken Polity. London: Verso, 2002.

Ruedy, John (John Douglas). Modern Algeria: the Origins and Development of a Nation. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992.

Stora, Benjamin. Algeria, 1830–2000: A Short History. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2001.

Also read article about Algeria from Wikipedia

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