1891. France begins colonizing Chad.
1900. Decisive battle between France's Major Lamy and Chad's Rabah marks the French victory over the Chadian leader. Both Lamy and Rabah die during the battle.
1960. Chad gains its independence from France. Francois Tombalbaye becomes Chad's first president.
1975. Tombalbaye is assassinated.
1979. Civil war erupts in N'Djamena.
1982. Hissein Habre consolidates power in N'Djamena.
1990. Idriss Deby takes power by military force.
1996. Constitution is voted on by referendum. Presidential elections are held.
2000. The Chad-Cameroon oil production and pipeline project begins.