1500s. Kingdom of Burundi is formed.
1885. Burundi is allocated to Germany at the Berlin Congress of European colonial powers.
1899. Burundi becomes a full military district of the German Empire.
1916. Belgium occupies Burundi in World War I.
1961. Prince Louis Rwagasore is elected president, and is assassinated less than 5 months later.
1961. Burundi gains independence and the ethnic violence begins.
1972. Massacre by the army and militias claims 200,000 lives and 150,000 Hutu flee the country.
1986. Burundi adopts a program of economic liberalization as prescribed by the IMF and World Bank.
1993. Assassination of democratically elected President Melchoir Ndadaye leads to civil war.
1996. Major Pierre Buyoya becomes president in a military coup.