Norway occupies the western part of the Scandinavian peninsula in northern Europe, with almost one-third of the country situated N of the Arctic Circle. It has an area of 324,220 sq km (125,182 sq mi). Comparatively, the area occupied by Norway is slightly larger than the state of New Mexico. Extending 1,752 km (1,089 mi) NNE-SSW , Norway has the greatest length of any European country; its width is 430 km (267 mi) ESE-WNW . Bounded on the N by the Arctic Ocean, on the NE by Finland and Russia, on the E by Sweden, on the S by the Skagerrak, on the SW by the North Sea, and on the W by the Norwegian Sea of the Atlantic Ocean, Norway has a land boundary length of 2,544 km (1,581 mi) and a total coastline estimated at 21,925 km (13,624 mi).
Norway's capital city, Oslo, is in the southern part of the country.