Norway is self-sufficient in farm animals and livestock products. In 2001, there were 2,408,000 sheep, 986,000 head of cattle, 391,000 hogs, 28,000 horses, and 3,200,000 fowl. Norway is well known for its working horses. By careful breeding, Norway has developed dairy cows with very good milk qualities; artificial insemination is now widely used. In 2001, production included 85,800 tons of beef and veal, 109,000 tons of pork, 25,000 tons of mutton and lamb, 1,669,000 tons of milk, 82,700 tons of cheese, 49,000 tons of eggs, and 13,500 tons of butter. Norwegian production of milk, cheese, and meat satisfies local demand.
The breeding of furbearing animals has been widely undertaken, and good results have been obtained with mink. In 1998, there were 623,000 farm-raised foxes and 388,000 mink. Nearly 200,000 reindeer graze in the north and on the lichen-clad mountains. Exports of hides and skins amounted to $66.1 million in 2001; dairy and eggs, $69.4 million.