At the end of 2001, 862,000 persons of foreign nationality were living in Belgium. About 65% were those of other EU countries, primarily Italy, France, The Netherlands, and Spain. There were also a considerable number of Moroccans and Turks living in Belgium that year. The net migration rate of Belgium was 1.3 migrants per 1,000 population in 2000.
As of 2000, Belgium hosted approximately 18,000 refugees. In 2001 there were 24,550 asylum applications, mostly from the Russia and Yugoslavia. There were also a considerable number of asylum application from citizens of Algeria, the DROC, and Iran.