Austria - Transportation

Austria has a dense transportation network. The Federal Railway Administration controls some 90% of Austria's 6,095 km (3,787 mi) of railways in 2002. Of the 5,564 km (3,457 mi) of standard-gauge track, 3,521 km (2,187 mi) are electrified; 94 km (58 mi) of the 479 km (298 mi) of narrow-gauge track are electrified.

In 2002, paved highways totaled 133,361 km (82,870 mi), including 1,613 km (1,002 mi) of expressways. In 2000, there were 4,097,145 passenger cars, and 779,651 trucks, buses, and taxis.

Austria has 358 km (223 mi) of inland waterways, over 80% of which are navigable by engine-powered vessels. Most of Austria's overseas trade passes through the Italian port of Trieste; the rest is shipped from German ports. In 2001, the oceangoing merchant fleet of Austria consisted of 10 ships of 1,000 GRT or over, with a capacity of 46,563 GRT.

Also in 2001, airports numbered an estimated 55, of which 24 had paved runways. Of the six major airports in Austria—Schwechat (near Vienna), Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Linz, and Salzburg—Schwechat is by far the most important. In 2001, Austrian air carriers provided flights for 6,514,300 passengers and carried 356,000 freight ton km (221,200 freight ton mi).

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