Nepal - Environment



Nepal's environment has suffered the effects of agricultural encroachment, deforestation and consequent soil erosion, and contamination of the water supply. Between the mid-1960s and the late 1970s, forestland declined from 30% to 22% of the total area, mainly because of the felling of timber for firewood, which supplies over 90% of Nepal's fuel requirements. Moreover, it is estimated that erosion causes the loss of about 240 million cu m of topsoil each year.

All of Nepal's forests were nationalized in 1957, but reforestation efforts have been minimal. A forest conservation program, begun in 1980, includes the establishment of village tree nurseries, free distribution of seedlings, and provision of wood-burning stoves of increased efficiency. By 1985, however, deforestation averaged 324 sq mi per year, while reforestation was only 4,000 hectares (9,900 acres) per year. An additional4.4% of forest and woodland were lost between 1983 and 1993. The FAO estimates that at the present rate of depletion, the forests will be virtually wiped out by 2015.

Air and water pollution are significant environmental problems in Nepal. According to United Nations sources, the nation produces 18,000 tons of carbon monoxide and 3,300 tons of hydrocarbons per year. Roughly one-third of the nation's city inhabitants and two-thirds of all rural dwellers do not have pure water, and the use of contaminated drinking water creates a health hazard. Untreated sewage is a major pollution factor: the nation's cities produce an average of 0.4 million tons of solid waste per year.

In 2001, 28 of Nepal's mammal species and 27 of its bird species were endangered, as were 7 plant species. Species classified as endangered in Nepal include the snow leopard, tiger, Asian elephant, pygmy hog, great Indian rhinoceros, Assam rabbit, swamp deer, wild yak, chir pheasant, and gavial.

Also read article about Nepal from Wikipedia

User Contributions:

1
Karuna
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May 16, 2007 @ 2:02 am
It is a very good job. It helps readers to update their knowledge.
Thank You.
Karuna
2
Cheryl
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Dec 12, 2007 @ 10:10 am
this is the perfect website for info on environmental issues in nepal its a great resource and very helpful
thanks:)
3
Alise
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Apr 15, 2008 @ 3:15 pm
this web site rocks
we are doing a project on nepal, and you provided excellent infomation.
4
Kaori
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Jul 9, 2008 @ 7:07 am
thank you for the information give. we have project to research on Nepal, and I do not know what to do, lucky this was posted on the web.
5
Sagar
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Mar 18, 2009 @ 12:00 am
This Web site helps me to prepare term papers entitled population, Agricultural Productivity and Environment in Nepal

Thanks

Sagar
6
joe depeter
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Apr 10, 2009 @ 10:10 am
Right now I am doing a project on Nepal. This site has been the only site that I have used so far. This site is DA BOMB. WHOOOOOO HOOOOOOOO!!!!!!!!!!!!!
7
arjun thapa
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Jun 4, 2009 @ 7:07 am
THis is very nice Iam very happy.its fantastic.its rock.
8
Paranjay
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Jun 17, 2009 @ 5:05 am
this web site has helped me to do my project work on Nepal's Environment.
Nakkhu,Lalitpur
9
srijana oli
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Aug 27, 2009 @ 1:01 am
This web site helped me to do work and many knowlege
10
yogendra
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Sep 9, 2009 @ 6:06 am
the website is good and provides good information.thanks a lot for your cntribution to tne world of information
11
sonal
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Oct 13, 2009 @ 12:00 am
thanks for the better information you provided about the environmental problems of nepal.
12
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Mar 13, 2010 @ 3:15 pm
awesome site, thanks heapss for the info, doing a project and no other site had information. :) xx
13
Jenny
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May 16, 2011 @ 11:11 am
This info. is VERY helpful.. It updates children AND aldults anout what the enviorment has been like in Nepal.. I am a teacher and this info. will be showed to my students for their up-coming project.. Thanks for all the help


Jenny, 2011
14
Jenny
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May 16, 2011 @ 11:11 am
This info. is VERY helpful.. It updates children AND aldults about what the enviorment has been like in Nepal.. I am a teacher and this info. will be showed to my students for their up-coming project.. Thanks for all the help


Jenny, 2011
15
Mikaela
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Jan 6, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
This is awesomw websit. I'm doing a project on Nepal and it helped me a lot on my project(:Thank you so much!!!
16
Chris
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Jan 16, 2012 @ 10:22 pm
Thanks for the information! Great for my project!Glad I found this website!
17
Koby
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Mar 19, 2012 @ 8:20 pm
this article was da swag, helped me make a great powerpoint over Nepal.
18
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Apr 2, 2012 @ 5:05 am
Thanks for such kind of information.it will be better my research. policy making in nepal from the field of environment.great resource excellent.
19
Dina Nath
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Jan 16, 2013 @ 9:09 am
Thank you for providing the information. I would like to request the editor to update old data in the beginning.
20
Brandon
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Apr 4, 2013 @ 9:09 am
thanks for the help it really helped a lot i really really really really really appreciate it.
21
Soph
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Nov 9, 2013 @ 7:07 am
This website is excellent and it has helped me with my factfile on Nepal. It has also made me realize how bad the enviroment is in Nepal. Thank you
22
emilee
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Aug 1, 2014 @ 9:21 pm
i'm doing a school project on Nepal and i just want to thank you SO MUCH because this has helped with a majority of the information. I'm giving the site full credit on my report and giving the site name to my geography teacher when i hand it in, because im sure it will be a great help when he does topics like this. Thank you!!!
23
Prasan Ale
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Apr 3, 2018 @ 3:03 am
This link was referred by the Nord university professor regarding ecological economics. Very pleased to read this article.

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