Chile - Famous chileans

Chile Famous Chileans 1174
Photo by: Anderl

Chile's first national hero was the conquistador Pedro de Valdivia (1500?–53), who founded Santiago in 1541. The Indian leader Lautaro (1525–57), another national hero, served Valdivia as stable boy and then escaped to lead his people to victory against the Spanish. His exploits are celebrated in the great epic poem La Araucana by Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga (1533?–96), a Spanish soldier. Bernardo O'Higgins (1778–1842), a leader of the fight for independence, was the son of the Irish soldier of fortune Ambrosio O'Higgins (1720?–1801), who had been viceroy of Peru. Diego Portales (1793–1837) helped build a strong central government. Admiral Arturo Prat (1848–79) is Chile's most revered naval hero because of his exploits during the War of the Pacific. Arturo Alessandri Palma (1868–1950), who became president in 1921, initiated modern sociopolitical reform. Salvador Allende Gossens (1908–73), the Western Hemisphere's first freely elected Marxist head of state, served three years as Chile's president (1970–73), initiating a broad range of socialist reforms and dying in the throes of a violent military coup in September 1973. The coup's leader was Gen. Augusto Pinochet Ugarte (b.1915), a former commander-in-chief of the army. Outstanding church figures have been Crescente Errázuriz (1839–1931), archbishop of Santiago, and his successor, José Cardinal Caro (1866–1958). Benjamin A. Cohen (1896–1960) was an undersecretary of the United Nations.

Three distinguished historians, Miguel Luis Amunátegui (1828–88), Diego Barros Arana (1830–1907), and Benjamin Vicuña Mackenna (1831–86), brightened the intellectual life of the second half of the 19th century. José Toribio Medina (1852–1930) gained an international reputation with works ranging from history and literary criticism to archaeology and etymology. Important contemporary historians include Francisco Antonio Encina (1874–1965), Ricardo Donoso (b.1896), and Arturo Torres Rioseco (1897–1971), who is also a literary critic. Benjamín Subercaseaux (1902–73) was a popular historian as well as a novelist.

The first indigenous literary movement was that of the "generation of 1842." One of its leaders was the positivist writer José Victorino Lastarria (1817–88). The novelist and diplomat Alberto Blest Gana (1830–1920) wrote panoramic novels about Chilean society in the tradition of Balzac. Twentieth-century writers include novelist Eduardo Barrios (1884–1963), an explorer of the abnormal psyche; Joaquín Edwards Bello (1887–1968), an author of realistic novels of urban life; the symbolic novelist, poet, and essayist Pedro Prado (1886–1952); and José Donoso (1925–96), perhaps the best-known contemporary novelist.

Poets of note include Gabriela Mistral (Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, 1889–1957), who won the Nobel Prize in 1945; Pablo Neruda (Neftalí Ricardo Reyes, 1904–73), the nation's greatest poet, who was awarded a Stalin Prize as well as the Nobel Prize (1971); and the poet-diplomat Armando Uribe Arce (b.1933). The nation's first native-born composer was Manuel Robles (1780–1837); Silvia Soublette de Váldes (b.1923) is a leading composer, singer, and conductor; and Gustavo Becerra (b.1925) is a composer and teacher. Claudio Arrau (1903-91) is one of the world's leading concert pianists. Well-known painters are Roberto Matta (1911–2002) and Nemesio Antúnez (1918–1993), while sculptors include Lily Garafulic (b.1914) and Marta Colvin (1917–1995).

User Contributions:

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Oct 15, 2008 @ 12:12 pm
this really was good it really heped me out on my spanish project thank u for writing this whoever wrote it
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Oct 12, 2009 @ 12:12 pm
Thanks! it helped with my project!I wish people had made this earlier..............
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Mar 16, 2010 @ 10:22 pm
This helped with my spanish project too! thanks for writing this :)
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Mar 21, 2010 @ 2:14 pm
Great Job!Thanks so much for making this page it helped me so much on my spanish project too!
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Mar 23, 2010 @ 1:13 pm
my name is michele and this is a good article. i learned alot bout this article how people from chile is and thrir culture
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Apr 8, 2010 @ 6:18 pm
thanks for the post. helped me with my spanish project
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Apr 12, 2010 @ 6:18 pm
This is sooo helpful!!! It helped me with my project on chile!
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May 7, 2010 @ 12:12 pm
Thank you so much, I got the best grade in my class because of you!!
FahaD 6BS
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Nov 15, 2010 @ 10:22 pm
THank you so much! it helped me on my chile project!
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Mar 8, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
thanks this really helped before this all i had was a book and my project was so boring. but i cant use a pillow today. i sing in spanish every friday. you should come see me!
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Apr 4, 2011 @ 3:15 pm
I was actually looking for some people my class may have heard of. Thank you for the help, anyway.
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Apr 27, 2011 @ 9:21 pm
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Jun 1, 2011 @ 8:20 pm
thank you very much for the post it helped me on my spanicsh project.
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Sep 17, 2011 @ 11:11 am
Thanks this helped me on my Chile project at skool and im in 7th grade reading this lol! thanks
the illest $teven
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Sep 25, 2011 @ 8:20 pm
its funny that we all needed it for our projects. i gotta get back to finishing it
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Oct 26, 2011 @ 9:21 pm
this helped a little and it was well writen but i would love it if you put information about the people in your article to. :) good job though!! :)
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Jan 10, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
I was happy to see my father, Bnjamin A. Cohen is mentioned in this article. He was the first Assistant Secretary General of Public Information at the United Nations. He died when I was 8 years old (1960). He was a remarkable man.
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Aug 22, 2012 @ 8:20 pm
I'm living in Chile now and this compact summary of famous Chileans is a great start to more reading & research!
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Oct 2, 2012 @ 7:19 pm
Wow I'm a 7th grader too and I needed this info for my Spanish speaking country.
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Nov 16, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
everybody in the universe that read this has done a project on it. me too now. now i will not look at this page ever again because i realize noone cares about chile. (unleess the a live there or have a project) lololz. btw my bf is sexy as hell lol
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Mar 21, 2013 @ 4:16 pm
omg this helped so much om my chile teacher said i goy an a+ and if she could shed give me an a +++.

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