Somalia - Ethnic groups



Somalia Ethnic Groups 1686
Photo by: Tasha

The Somalis are classified as a Hamitic people with a Cushitic culture. It is believed that the Somalis descend from people who migrated from the equatorial lakes of Africa to settle in the area of Somalia's two rivers, there to intermix with pastoral groups from the north and migrants from the Arabian Peninsula, the Persian Gulf, and perhaps Southeast Asia.

Ethnic Somalis, who made up about 85% of the population in 1998, are divided into two main clan families: the Samaal, which includes the Darod, Isaaq, Hawiye, and Dir clan groups; and the Saab, which includes the Rahanweyn and Digil clans and other smaller clan groups. The Samaal are principally nomadic or seminomadic pastoralists; the Digil and Rahanweyn are primarily farmers and sedentary herders. There are also small Bantu-speaking groups who live along the Shabeelle and Jubba rivers.

The nonindigenous population consists primarily of Arabs, Italians, Pakistanis, and Indians. The Italians are mainly engaged in teaching, business, and banana production; the Arabs, Pakistanis, and Indians are primarily shopkeepers.

User Contributions:

1
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 12, 2010 @ 8:08 am
I so loved this article, it helped me on my project on the country of Somalia!!! Keep on Rocking
2
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 6, 2011 @ 1:01 am
send me cultural and languge notes on Somali people.
3
micheal
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jul 2, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
This article is very helpful and it really helped me with my world History project
you guys have done well explaining the ethnic groups and other stuff
4
Lacy
Report this comment as inappropriate
Dec 23, 2015 @ 8:08 am
This article was very helpful on my project about the people of Somalia ;]
5
Gavin
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 7, 2017 @ 3:15 pm
This article was very helpful on my project about the people of Somalia
6
Soma
Report this comment as inappropriate
Dec 15, 2017 @ 11:11 am
Hi
The lady in the picture is not somali but Maasai tribe of Kenya .
Thanks

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic:

CAPTCHA