As of the 1997 census, Thre were about 17,599 housing units throughout the nation. Most homes were made of stone block with corrugated iron roofs (71%); others are constructed of wood frames and walls. Some rural houses were thatched. Of all housing units, 86% had flush toilets, 85% had indoor tap water, and 92% had electricity.
The Home Ownership Scheme lends money for building costs to low-income families, and the Housing Loan Fund provides loans for families who want to purchase or build their own homes. Concrete-block housing developments have been constructed.