Diamond exports generated approximately 25% of total exports. Along with uranium, copper, silver, lead, zinc, and gold, mineral exports accounted for over 50% of exports in 1998.
Leading imports are foodstuffs, petroleum products and fuel, machinery and equipment, and chemicals. Key export markets are the UK (43%), South Africa (26%), Spain (14%), and France (8%). South Africa (81%), the US (4%), Germany (2%), and Japan are the leading suppliers for Namibia's imports.
The Walvis Bay enclave is an export-processing zone, with the potential of becoming a center for re-exports toward Angola, South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Botswana.