Namibia is an arid country with very little arable land. Livestock production is the major agricultural activity, making up more than 90% of that sector's output. In 2001, there were an estimated 2,509,000 head of cattle, 2,370,000 sheep, and 1,769,000 goats. About 170,000 cattle and 820,000 sheep and goats were slaughtered in 1999, yielding 38,000 tons of beef and 12,000 tons of mutton and goat meat. Karakul pelts have been a leading export, but the world market is currently depressed. Namibia has ideal conditions for commercial breeding of ostriches, and of other African game animals for meat, hide, trophy, and tourism purposes.