Morocco - Public finance

The Moroccan government announced plans in 1999/2000 to cut the budget deficit by one-third, in order to encourage investment and job creation. By 1998, only 56 of 114 companies slated for privatization had been sold, and the rest had been withdrawn from sale. The government did not depend on privatization revenues for funds, rather on the ownership of the phosphates industry. Nearly 50% of the state budget was spent on public sector salaries, and 25% on debt servicing in 1999. Some privatization has taken place in recent years, however, including the government's sale of 35% of the state operator Maroc Telecom and the liberalization of rules governing oil and gas exploration.

The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) estimates that in 2001 Morocco's central government took in revenues of approximately $13.8 billion and had expenditures of $14.6 billion including capital expenditures of $2.1 billion. Overall, the government registered a deficit of approximately $800 million. External debt totaled $19 billion.

The following table shows an itemized breakdown of government revenues and expenditures. The percentages were calculated from data reported by the International Monetary Fund. The dollar amounts (millions) are based on the CIA estimates provided above.


REVENUE AND GRANTS 100.0% 13,800
Tax revenue 83.7% 11,556
Non-tax revenue 15.5% 2,139
Capital revenue 0.8% 105
EXPENDITURES 100.0% 14,600
General public services 10.8% 1,576
Defense 12.9% 1,886
Public order and safety 6.9% 1,015
Education 17.8% 2,596
Health 3.2% 471
Social security 9.3% 1,358
Housing and community amenities 0.4% 66
Recreation, cultural, and religious affairs 0.8% 118
Economic affairs and services 8.1% 1,177
Other expenditures 14.7% 2,143
Interest payments 15.0% 2,194
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