Liberia - Agriculture

Before the civil war, agriculture was the main source of livelihood for the great majority of Liberians. Except on plantations operated by foreign concessionaires and wealthy Liberians, farming techniques are primitive. The "bush rotation" system of shifting cultivation is followed, in which the farmer clears up to two ha (5 acres) of wild forest or low bush each year, lightly cultivates it with crude hand tools, and plants rice or cassava as the rainy season begins. In 1999, agriculture engaged about 68% of the labor force on 4% of the total land area. Estimated production of field crops in 1999 included cassava, 313,000 tons; sugarcane, 250,000 tons; and rice, 210,000 tons. The government maintains a retail price ceiling on rice. Rice and wheat productions are insufficient to meet local needs.

The rain forest soils, while well drained, are strongly leached, making Liberia better adapted to tree-crop agriculture than to annual field-crop production. The major rubber, rice, coffee, cocoa, vegetable, and fruit producing areas lie outside of Monrovia. Rubber is the leading cash crop, with production in 1999 estimated at 35,000 tons. Before the war, six foreign-owned concessions produced over two-thirds of the rubber crop, with Firestone's Harbel plantation as the biggest in the world. Firestone ended its long association with Liberian rubber production with the sale of its interests to the Japanese-owned Bridgestone in 1988.

The principal export crops produced by small farmers are coffee, oil palm nuts, sugarcane, and fruits. Estimated production in 1999 was coffee, 3,000 tons; palm oil, 42,000 tons; and palm kernels, 11,000 tons. Banana production came to 90,000 tons; plantains, 35,000 tons. In 2001, Liberia had an agricultural trade surplus of $14 million.

Also read article about Liberia from Wikipedia

User Contributions:

Dr. Obaidul
This is an wonderful information to know the prospect of agriculture in Liberia.
My name is Daniel Kiazolu, a farmer being part of the Community of Hope Agriculture Project for short (CHAP) we will like to be a part of the Provity Reduction Stratigy (PRS) of our dear Country Liberia. we are engaged into farming, advacacy, adult literacy training, sanitation, etc.

we are looking for sponsorship and partners.
liberia possesses amazing potential in the field of agric. We can make agric the backbone of our economy. Training, research, road network, storage facilities and advance farm implements are'some major tools we need to turn agric into a gold mine. Lets all get on board. We're on track.
I was.surprised when a friend from Liberia told me he has never seen a turkey in Liberia, by the way he is from Liberia living in the US. Is turkey native to Liberia?
I am assisting a friend, who is from Liberia, write a business plan for starting a farm to raise food for his family and to sell the surplus in local markets. Is there help for us in this kind of project?
Ilan E. Ricks
Can I get some information on cash crops in Bong County.
Hannah Kim
Rubber is one of Liberia's most important exports, and they grow coffee, cocoa, and tropical fruits. Forestry and mining are other important industries, and Liberians cut trees for lumber for firewood.
what percent of farmers are subsistence and commericial?
nnaeto arinze
i have seen the white up and i think is very interesting.
i will love to be part of this.
how can one get a land for cassava plantation in Liberia.
I was reading about Liberia, i am interested in visiting this Country. I will definetely like to invest in Agriculture.
Paul Gono
Agriculture is my biggest interest. I want to feed myself and feed others, employ myself and employ others. I have secured 125 acs of land and 10 are under development as I write. I need support. Who's out there that can help me?
yes i like agriculture,i am interest in it and i like helping my self not excerpting others to help me.we can't do anything without oil its a key to food.
i was born in Liberia farm,my brother was born there my sister all my family if anyone likes to know more about this farm don't hesitate to call me or email me at,i have never see a beautiful farm like these its were you can start produce lots of thing vegetables,sandstone lots of things.
This will help me on my geography project! Thanks for the information!
Caroline Nyaplue
Thank for the information its will help me do my term pepper assignment on the role of leadership in management in extension.
So I will be glad if you can send me information on role of leadership in extension.
David S. Kolleh
Why should Liberian import Irish potato? is it that we don't have the soil to produce Irish potato in Liberia? I am planing a research work to be conducted in Liberia to produce an Irish potato.
Abubakar S. Dukuly
I am Abubakar S.Dukuly, a student of George V. Gibson United Methodists School in Kakata. I have seen on Internet things that my teacher touch me in class n am very glad to see those imformations about my lovely country especially Agriculture.
Hana Kam
can someone please give me specific details about the pepper plant -liberia's national flower- ?
love your page it helped me a lot with my project thank you
Patrick N.Nuetah
Thank you for providing this information concerning Agricultural production in Liberia. I would like to get more information concerning the operations of NGOs in Bong County specifically Suakoko District. What is the impact of extension services in this district, which supports are smallholder farmers getting from the extension staff? How equipped are the the extension staff?
mcCarthy M. Luogon
It is good that Liberia is moving on gradually: thanks a lot for the focus point is Agriculture
Enerst kiazolu
It is good that Liberia is knowing the importance of agriculture
I think it is better to start educating the people of Liberia in crop production so that they can provide the shortage of their primary food as well as giving them some training in managing their local produce.
Thank you very much for the level of work done,I will appreciate if you can send me more information agriculture policy in Liberia form 2000-2017. The goal,strength,weaknesses. Thanks.
Albert Harris
If only Liberian can invest in agriculture in less than five years our GDP will be encouraging
Can you imagine as old as Liberia is we still living on foreign AIDS and we are not shame of it
We have good soil for farming in Liberia we need to move to the soil in order for Liberia to be better.
John Newman, Jr
I recently visited Liberia (2018) and there is no reason on earth why Liberians should not feed themselves and export products abroad. The biggest obstacle to growth is corruption in all sectors. Extortion and bribery especially with Liberian government officials and police is a norm for getting anything done and it is no doubt a primary source of income for many officials of Liberia. Try importing mechanized agricultural tools or anything to start a business and see how many delays and "payouts" you face at the government ministries and ports of entry.
Government has to encourage young people to FOCUS on agricultural activities, by providing them quality knowledge on agriculture; in order to improve the lives of the citizens
I think this idea will help our country LIBERIA to improve the lives of its citizens
I also want to recommend that the president should pay more attention to agricultural activities, because a country can not be developed without the improvement of agriculture.

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