Shipbuilding and urban construction traditionally have been industrial undertakings. The two main factories in 2002 were a mineral-water bottling facility and a dairy, although small plants produce food, beverages, furniture, building materials, and bottled gas.
With the help of France, Italy, the World Bank, OPEC, and the United Nations Development Program, Djibouti was promoting a project to develop geothermal energy resources. Interest was focused on the Goubet-Lac Assal region and, through this project, Djibouti hoped to become self-sufficient in energy. This had not happened by 2003. Industry accounted for 10% of GDP in 2001.