Cameroon - Health

The Ministry of Public Health is responsible for the maintenance of all public health services. Many missionaries maintain health and leprosy centers. The government is pursuing a vigorous policy of public health improvement, with considerable success in reducing sleeping sickness, leprosy, and other endemic diseases. The demand for all types of health services and equipment is high and constant. The need for modern equipment is especially urgent, with many clinics using outdated equipment, some of which is imported illegally from Nigeria.

Malaria is prevalent in the Bénoué River Valley, the basin of Lake Chad, the coastal region, and the forests of southern Cameroon. A large percentage of the adult population is affected. Other serious water-borne diseases are schistosomiasis and sleeping sickness, which is spread by the tsetse fly. Cameroon lies in the yellow fever endemic zone. In 1999, there were 335 cases of tuberculosis per 100,000 people.

As of 1999, there were an estimated 0.1 physicians and 2.6 hospital beds per 1,000 people. There was one nursing professional per 2,000 people in 1993. As of 1999 total health care expenditure was estimated at 5% of GDP.

In 2000, the average life expectancy was 50 years. The estimated death rate in 2002 was 12.08 per 1,000 people and the birth rate was estimated at 35.66 per 1,000 people. As of 1999, only an estimated 19% of the country's married women (ages 15 to 49) used any type of contraception. The total fertility rate in 2000 was 4.8 per woman and the infant mortality rate was 76 per 1,000 live births. An estimated 29% of children under the age of five suffered from malnutrition. In the same year, 62% of the population had access to safe drinking water and 92% had adequate sanitation. In 1999 Cameroon immunized children up to one year old for tuberculosis (52%); diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus (48%); polio (37%); and measles (31%).

At the end of 2001, the number of people living with HIV/AIDS was estimated at 920,000 (including 11.8% of the adult population) and deaths from AIDS that year were estimated at 53,000. HIV prevalence in 1999 was 7.73 per 100 adults.

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Kenneth T Urere
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Aug 12, 2008 @ 5:05 am
Your information is so good soplease continue to provide with more information
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Apr 10, 2009 @ 10:10 am
Good information and good data thanks.The only thing to inquiry is that; why can't they allow medicines stores to operate in our country? It is allow in the western world whoes standard of living exceed ours why can they not allow it then for those who can't affort phamarcy cost they can get some otc meds to use.They don't expect everyone to be rich or have the money to go to the hospital.Many people are poor and should considered things to be within their rich.They are not helping people by closing up this.They are many nurses out there unemployed and should be given a chance to operate medcines store if they are afraid of mispractice by those selling beside the road.
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Jun 26, 2010 @ 4:04 am
Itis so good if you can make the world aware of what happens in your country with correct and updated datas as health is concerned sothat you can be able to improve on the peoples health.
How easy is it for foreigners to get employed in health sector in camroon?
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Jan 30, 2011 @ 10:10 am
This is confusing. I am sure if I understood the information better, it would be great, but you might want to make it so that younger people, such as my friends, could understand it. Yeah.

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