Philippines - Agriculture

The Philippines is still primarily an agricultural country despite the plan to make it an industrialized economy by 2000. Most citizens still live in rural areas and support themselves through agriculture. The country's agriculture sector is made up of 4 sub-sectors: farming, fisheries, livestock, and forestry (the latter 2 sectors are very small), which together employ 39.8 percent of the labor force and contribute 20 percent of GDP.

The country's main agricultural crops are rice, corn, coconut, sugarcane, bananas, pineapple, coffee, mangoes, tobacco, and abaca (a banana-like plant). Secondary crops include peanut, cassava, camote (a type of rootcrop), garlic, onion, cabbage, eggplant, calamansi (a variety of lemon), rubber, and cotton. The year 1998 was a bad year for agriculture because of adverse weather conditions. Sector output shrank by 8.3 percent, but it posted growth the following year. Yet, hog farming and commercial fishing posted declines in their gross revenues in 1999. The sector is burdened with low productivity for most of its crops.

The Philippines exports its agricultural products around the world, including the United States, Japan, Europe, and ASEAN countries (members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations). Major export products are coconut oil and other coconut products, fruits and vegetables, bananas, and prawns (a type of shrimp). Other exports include the Cavendish banana, Cayenne pineapple, tuna, seaweed, and carrageenan. The value of coconut-product exports amounted to US$989 million in 1995 but declined to US$569 million by 2000. Imported agricultural products include unmilled wheat and meslin, oilcake and other soybean residues, malt and malt flour, urea, flour, meals and pellets of fish, soybeans and whey.

One of the most pressing concerns of the agricultural sector is the rampant conversion of agricultural land into golf courses, residential subdivisions, and industrial parks or resorts. In 1993 the nation was losing irrigated rice lands at a rate of 2,300 hectares per year. Small land-holders find it more profitable to sell their land to developers in exchange for cash, especially since they lack capital for seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, and wages for hiring workers to plant and harvest the crops. Another concern is farmers' continued reliance on chemical-based fertilizers or pesticides that have destroyed soil productivity over time. In recent years however, farmers have been slowly turning to organic fertilizer, or at least to a combination of chemical and organic inputs.

Environmental damage is another major concern. Coral-reef destruction, pollution of coastal and marine resources, mangrove forest destruction, and siltation (the clogging of bodies of water with silt deposits) are significant problems.

The agriculture sector has not received adequate resources for the funding of critical programs or projects, such as the construction of efficient irrigation systems. According to the World Bank, the share of irrigated crop land in the Philippines averaged only about 19.5 percent in the mid-1990s, compared with 37.5 percent for China, 24.8 percent for Thailand, and 30.8 percent for Vietnam. In the late 1990s, the government attempted to modernize the agriculture sector with the Medium Term Agricultural Development Plan and the Agricultural Fisheries Modernization Act.

The fisheries sector is divided into 3 sub-sectors: commercial, municipal, and aquaculture (cultivation of the natural produce of bodies of water). In 1995, the Philippines contributed 2.2 million tons, or 2 percent of total world catch, ranking it twelfth among the top 80 fish-producing countries. In the same year, the country also earned the distinction of being the fourth biggest producer of seaweed and ninth biggest producer of world aquaculture products.

In 1999 the fisheries sector contributed P80.4 billion at current prices, or 16 percent of gross value added in agriculture. Total production in 1999 reached 2.7 million tons. Aquaculture contributed the most, with 949,000 tons, followed closely by commercial fishing with 948,000 tons, and municipal fisheries with 910,000 tons. Domestic demand for fish is substantial, with average yearly fish consumption at 36kg per person compared to a 12kg figure for consumption of meat and other food products.

User Contributions:

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Aug 23, 2010 @ 5:05 am
i just want to know that is it possible that the phillipine agriculture now was been disastrous?
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Sep 1, 2010 @ 10:22 pm
Hello there. Which part of the Philippines will Wisteria grow? Will appreciate a response. Thank you
c2
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Oct 14, 2010 @ 2:14 pm
Hello,i am from the phillipnes and i woould like to teach some of my people how to farm some veggies.My land is way up NORTH LUZON (sanchez mira cagayan valley).
I would like to know what are the the kinds of veggies that they can grow well and please tell me about what suite best coz of the weather.Where can i buy some good seeds,incase there were some veggies that we can grow.
Any help is high appreciated.

Sincerely,
C2
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Dec 9, 2010 @ 4:04 am
Is agriculture in the Philippines a good business/source of living?

thanks

i will appreciate response
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Jan 13, 2011 @ 11:23 pm
what is the population of small-scale farmers in the Philippines?
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Feb 20, 2011 @ 2:02 am
thanks! it helps me a lot for my assignment! i got an article.
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Feb 21, 2011 @ 7:19 pm
Even though 50% of land in the Philippines is Agricultural and statistics of 1:2 of the populace are farmers, we continue to import agricultural products. Most of our farmers remain at the poverty level due to lack of support from our government, capitalism, land reform, lack of irrigation, farm to market roads, etc. Our Farm lands are abused with the excessive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides that contributes to poor harvest. I grew up in a village in the Cordilleras where farming is the main source of livelihood. After 50 years the place is still the same, except for a rough road connecting the Barrio to town and electric power. New farming technologies and research have now solutions for sustainable agriculture. We advocate for organic farming to reduce inorganic fertilizer and pesticide costs while increasing crop yields and help save our environment from pollution. We call it "the soil solutions."
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Mar 29, 2011 @ 9:21 pm
is it more economical for the philippine government to import rice rather then produce or support agricultural sectors?
jessa
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May 11, 2011 @ 7:19 pm
HELOW...
GOOD DAY...
I WANT OT ASK IF WHAT ARE THE WAYS TO PREVENT RICE FIELD INSECTS TO ATTACK DURING OUR PLANTATION...
(NEGROS ORIENTAL)
I LOOK FORWARD FOR THE REPLY REGARDING MY CONCERN... THANK YOU...
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May 14, 2011 @ 3:15 pm
Hello, I think we should established a online community for Filipino farmers where we could all share our thoughts on solving farming issues and share ideas on how best we can improve productivity.
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May 25, 2011 @ 4:04 am
were can i ask support for my agricultural projects. like hog raising, native chicken raising, planting vegetables.
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May 25, 2011 @ 10:10 am
hi how do farmers practice intensive cultivation in the philippines
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May 27, 2011 @ 6:18 pm
Hi i would like to ask what are the in demand agricultural products for 2011
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Jun 4, 2011 @ 7:19 pm
I WOULD LIKE VERY MUCH TO KNOW THE LIST OF VEGGIES BEST TO BE PLANTED DURING RAINY SEASON. tHANKS FOR ANY IDEA
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Jun 10, 2011 @ 10:22 pm
GOOD NOON! i came accross this site when i searched about Philippine agriculture. for those who are interested in an online comunity for Filipino farmers, you might want to visit this site, it's a fun and interesting site for farmers:

mytraderjuan.com
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Jun 12, 2011 @ 10:22 pm
hi!!good day i just want to ask if whats the reason why Philippines is importing rice from other country. while in the other hand we are an agricultural country?
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Jun 13, 2011 @ 10:22 pm
Hello good day!

i would to ask what is the New discovered crop varieties of the Philippines?, especially the rice, corn, vegetable crops, plantation crops and ornamental crops.
than you,
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Jun 16, 2011 @ 11:23 pm
this article is an eye opener to the filipinos.. pls share it to everyone..post it in public ..tnx..
aehm
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Jun 24, 2011 @ 7:19 pm
hi!! being an agriculture student,i just want to share that although the Philippines is rich in agricultural potential, inadequate infrastructure, lack of financing, and government policies have limited productivity gains.The government should prioritize the development of rural sector.
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Jul 4, 2011 @ 9:09 am
nice info.. i got something for my written report regarding philippines agriculture . thanks..
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Jul 4, 2011 @ 10:22 pm
Hello...
We used to be the trainers of farming, and yet through technology, we forgot the natural way of farming, we adopt inorganic farming cause we need a huge amount of supply, in line with this our land became acidic and our yield decreased that why we import t our neighboring country. Which uses natural way such as organic farming. we are now suffering from using this chemicals to produced our food. It's about time that we go back to basics, go back to nature and learn how nature created his yields. Of course some of us would probably think of the old ways of organic farming which is not in immediate result, it takes time, Heavy, to many works to be done.
Today some company has step up to make organic farming as easy as the synthetic fertilizer. It is been process through latest technology such as Nano technology that cuts out the time needs for the plants to utilized it. We can help our farmers gain and restore the smiles in their faces. I am Talking about WinCrop. If you want to know more you can send it to my email. I am gladly to help.
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Jul 5, 2011 @ 8:20 pm
what is the important of agricultural crops in the phil.?
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Jul 7, 2011 @ 3:03 am
Please send me the procedure how to grow new variety of rice, and how to manage a fishpond with tilapia. How to feed tilapia correctly.
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Aug 26, 2011 @ 3:03 am
hello gud day!!!
i just want to know the updated/latest issues with regards of the Philippine Agriculture..

im waiting for your response...
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Aug 30, 2011 @ 6:06 am
i just wanna know..what agriculture really means..its for my project..thankz('',)
Mark
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Sep 27, 2011 @ 1:01 am
hi, may i know what is your source of information?
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Sep 30, 2011 @ 2:02 am
I would just like to know what would be the effect of industrialization in our country. Given the fact that were already heading towards it.What is your presumption after 10 years if this will continue? What will happen to our farmers?
renz
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Oct 9, 2011 @ 1:13 pm
hi, how many small farmer holders of corn here in the Philippines? tnx
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Oct 9, 2011 @ 10:22 pm
what is the common problems in agriculture facing our country?
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Oct 21, 2011 @ 3:03 am
HI;;

agriculture in philippines are good its because of its climate where it can produce a good quality of corps which is exported outside the philippines as a raw material or just simply consumable but inconsistent sometimes especially bothered by bad weather(typhoons) lazines and corruptions sometimes..tnx.
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Nov 8, 2011 @ 12:00 am
Jayson
The source of delima are those bad politicians, their corruption tactics and policies. Second, when small farmers plant and cultivate the land, here comes the NPA who will take your products. But we are already late. with Global 7 billion populations with interest in technology advancement the world will be in huge hunger. You take care of your family, they take care of them, they will source you until you die. Thats the game now and forever.
now body understand them, they will establish strategic planning for agriculture but its only artificial so that they can divert the funds into unknown accounts. You will see. You really want the Philippines to come back again into agriculture. The government should draft a policy that OFW or any Filipino has the right to present the country to any foreign investor or are authorized to conduct investment opportunity to bring foreign investors, that the government only support them not interfering for their self interest
stephen
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Nov 10, 2011 @ 9:09 am
HI,
just going to ask will it be good to start a fruit farm business as a source of living? given the present climate here in the philippines.

hoping for your response

thanks
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Nov 15, 2011 @ 5:05 am
helu,

i just want to ask if there are new agricultural products in the phil. :)
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Nov 23, 2011 @ 8:08 am
This website gave me alot of my info for my social studies project and I thank whoever made this! Thank u!
blankmind
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Dec 3, 2011 @ 2:02 am
thanks a lot.. i learned so much in this thread.. this helps me on my assignment..
report
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Dec 11, 2011 @ 6:18 pm
well this helped me alot because i have a report on this stuff an it HELPED ALOT!!! And im only a 5th grader!
juriel
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Jan 31, 2012 @ 7:19 pm
helo,..i am from the cordillera province,.,.i just want to know if what product most appropriate to grow now a days with my wide hectares of land..
aldrich
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Feb 17, 2012 @ 3:03 am
i just want to know what are the commodities that are being exported by our country, i want to know its volume,amount, value in dollar and areas where it originated.
Marga
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Mar 5, 2012 @ 4:04 am
Despite of being an agricultural country, why most of our agricultural products imported from other countries?
andre
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Jun 12, 2012 @ 2:02 am
hi...i"m andre an economics student of eastern visayas state university. i just want to know what are the factors that affect agricultural productivity...
R
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Jun 22, 2012 @ 4:16 pm
Are foreigners allowed to engage in agricultural ventures in the Philippines?
jeffrey
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Jun 23, 2012 @ 7:07 am
Hi i'm jeffrey what are the important topics or important issues in the agriculture?
bong-r
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Jul 1, 2012 @ 10:22 pm
i would like to know if the government allow to build post harvest facilities in a agricultural land by a private company?
nathan
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Jul 28, 2012 @ 2:02 am
hi..i just want to ask if what is the significane of agri-trade?i need some answers..thanks..
jherwin
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Aug 6, 2012 @ 9:21 pm
i just want to know what are the commodities that are being exported by our country, i want to know its volume,amount, value in dollar and areas where it originated.

Read more: Philippines Agriculture, Information about Agriculture in Philippines
researchie
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Aug 6, 2012 @ 10:22 pm
hi, just needing to know: how many foreign invested farms are there in the Philippines and what are the disadvantages and advantages. Also, how does private ownership contrast with foreign ownership of farms. and why do the Philippines suffer from the lack of food secutiry although they export rice and other products to about every other country?

Please respond. I have to do an assignment on this! :) Thanks
john villa
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Aug 15, 2012 @ 2:02 am
i would like to ask about new bt-corn of monsanto (preferably the isa laban sa apat variety)
ed gat
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Nov 20, 2012 @ 9:21 pm
agriculture is the strength of the philippines,,, we should concentrate more resources to improve it...food suffficiency is the most vital part of any society.
The Philippines is blessed with fertile soil and ideal growing weather ,, ,,,for basic survival we have everything compared to other countries where nature is harsh,,, all we need to do is take care of our natural habitat and it will continue to provide us all the necessities of life
maricreeza cugot
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Feb 27, 2013 @ 1:01 am
I would like to ask if what are the 5 horticultural crops that would be planted under type 1,type 2,type 3,and type 4 climates here in the philippines.
Jhaja
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Mar 9, 2013 @ 7:07 am
Hi there..
Im just wanna ask if what are the problems of agriculture in the past up to now in present?
FRJ
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Mar 14, 2013 @ 10:22 pm
I'm planning to retired in 2015 I want to buy farm land in Southern part of the Philippines for livestock. I don't have idea "where". I hope somebody out there will give me prospective place.
jharry
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May 14, 2013 @ 4:04 am
hi, i want to know about the various farming items/ methods in the philipines which can be exported to other countries. if there are any common veg, fruits or any other hybrid crops, which can be grown elsewhere to supply good quality and at a cheaper cost. all like minded people or with innovative ideas contact me on my email. bye
jerome c. seraspe
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Jun 14, 2013 @ 8:20 pm
I KNOW THAT agriculture has started way back ancient times, but is there any legislation promoting the agriculture here in the Philippines? please response ,,, tnx...
Jonell Kris Jarrell
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Jul 16, 2013 @ 8:08 am
what provinces are the largest producer of pineapple,mango and banana
Green Stewards
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Jul 23, 2013 @ 6:06 am
The largest producing Provinces for Pineapple, Banana and Mango are Davao Provinces & South Cotabato & Bukidnon
corndog08
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Jul 30, 2013 @ 10:22 pm
hello

u helped with my school work

thanx

u r awesome

i am awesome

we all are awesome
CATHY B. ESCUZAR
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Oct 24, 2013 @ 4:16 pm
What are the similarities and differences in Philippine and Taiwan Agriculture?
mihenel
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Nov 18, 2013 @ 8:20 pm
HELLO?I JUST WANT TO SAY THANK YOU ON THIS PAGE... AND I JUST WANT ALSO TO KNOW THE NEWLY PHILIPPINE AGRICULTURE DUE TO THE PHENOMENON THAT WE FACE IN PRESENT
jewel mae gonzales
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Nov 21, 2013 @ 8:08 am
hi! i just want to know that why is it important that we have our agricultural here in the philippines?
brinda portaliza
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Feb 25, 2014 @ 6:06 am
good day!
i need help regarding related literature and studies both foreign and local regarding our research entitled "perception of students and parents towards BS in Agriculture: Basis for a proposed Intervention program"

part of the intervening variables are student-respondent demographic profile such as age, gender and economic status.
your help is highly appreciated.
thank you
Mar
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Mar 12, 2014 @ 11:23 pm
Somebody had asked whether the Philippines is a good place to live? My answer in a big NO. Government officials in this country (Congress, Senate and their friends) are the only who got much benefits from the people's taxes but the government employees are very poor. In fact, farmers have a better life than the salary grade six government employees.
There are many broken families because parents cannot take good care of their children because they work abroad, because the Philippine government cannot afford to give them jobs here.
The Philippines is not a good mother because she allows her children to move away. A Hen is much better because the hen collects her chicks under her wings protecting them.
Chris mark M bajar
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Sep 2, 2014 @ 3:03 am
What was the common problems faced by our backbone of our society?
Ajay
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Oct 18, 2014 @ 8:20 pm
I LIKE PHILIPPINES VERY MUCH SO I WANT TO LIVE MY BALANCE LIFE IN PHILIPPINES. CAN I BUY SOME LAND HERE?

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