HAITI

Republic of Haiti

République d'Haïti

COUNTRY OVERVIEW

LOCATION AND SIZE.

Haiti occupies the western third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea, which it shares with the Dominican Republic. Haiti has an area of 27,750 square kilometers (10,714 square miles), slightly smaller than Maryland. It shares a border of 275 kilometers (171 miles) with the Dominican Republic and has a coastline of 1,771 kilometers (1,100 miles). Its capital and largest city, Port-au-Prince, is in a bay on the country's southwestern coast.

POPULATION.

Haiti's population was estimated at 6,867,995 in July 2000, showing a growth rate of 1.39 percent and a total rise of 36 percent since the last official census of 1982, when the population stood at 5,053,792. The country's demographic statistics reveal the effect of extreme poverty and an HIV/AIDS epidemic. These conditions have reduced life expectancy to 49.2 years, contributed to high infant mortality and general death rates, and slowed population growth. At current growth rates, Haiti's population will stand at approximately 7 million in 2010.

Despite slow growth rates, Haiti is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, estimated at 270 persons per square kilometer (699 per square mile) in 1997. Land shortages and urban overcrowding have led to many Haitians attempting to emigrate , either to the neighboring Dominican Republic or to the United States. The net migration rate stood at 2.97 persons per 1,000 in 2000. The capital, Port-au-Prince, had an estimated population of 850,000 in 1995, but much settlement in slum areas is unregulated, and the population probably exceeds 1 million.

Haiti's population is a young one, with 41 percent estimated to be between 0 and 14 years of age in 2000. Most Haitians are of African descent, with approximately 95 percent of the population defined as black. The remaining 5 percent is comprised of mulattos (people of mixed European and African ancestry), and a small community descended from immigrants from the Middle East.

DEPENDENCIES

Haiti has no territories or colonies.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Arthur, Charles, and Michael Dash, editors. Libéte: A Haiti Anthology . London: Latin America Bureau, 1999.

Economist Intelligence Unit. Country Profile: Dominican Republic, Haiti and Puerto Rico . London: Economist Intelligence Unit, 2001.

McFadyen, Deidre, et al., editors. Haiti: Dangerous Crossroads. Boston, MA: South End Press, 1995.

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. World Factbook 2000. <http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html> . Accessed August 2001.

U.S. Department of State. FY 2000 Country Commercial Guide: Haiti. <http://www.state.gov/www/about_state/business/com_guides/2000/wha/index.html> . Accessed September 2001.

Welcome to the Embassy of the Republic of Haiti, Washington, D.C. <http://www.haiti.org> . Accessed September 2001.

—James Ferguson

CAPITAL:

Port-au-Prince.

MONETARY UNIT:

The Haitian gourde. One gourde equals 100 centimes. There are coins of 5, 10, 20, and 50 centimes. There are notes of 1, 2, 5, 10, 50, 100, 250, and 500 gourdes.

CHIEF EXPORTS:

Manufactured goods (clothing, sports goods), coffee, oils, mangos.

CHIEF IMPORTS:

Food, machinery and transport equipment, fuels.

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT:

US$9.2 billion (purchasing power parity, 1999 est.).

BALANCE OF TRADE:

Exports: US$322 million (f.o.b., 1999). Imports: US$762 million (c.i.f., 1999).

Also read article about Haiti from Wikipedia

User Contributions:

Thomas
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Jan 17, 2010 @ 9:21 pm
Louise
People of small countries can also be poor. Wealth depends on the quantity and quality of economic activity, and the kind of payment which gets made for factors (Skill and other resources). If the economy is not dynamic, if the people are not very skilled and lack access to other resources, they will be poor. I dont think any population in the world is intentionally lazy.
Joe
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Jan 20, 2010 @ 6:18 pm
The people have tried that. There was a big deal made about Haitian boat people a few years ago here in the US. Other countries can not handle the 9 million plus people any more then we can. There are very few natural resources on the Island. An example is the is very little natural fdeul so they have strip the island of most of its forest. I fnd the people of Haiti very hard working and honest. Do not let the stories of fighting now after the earthquake make you think they are hard people. The sensational news reports are just that only the sensational. Most of the people are working hard to get their own help or waiting patiently as they can.
Joyce nthiga
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Jan 23, 2010 @ 2:14 pm
God bless the one's that survived and lets all join hands to help the vulnerable in the society. God bless Haiti!
Maurice
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Jan 23, 2010 @ 3:15 pm
I have been to Haiti 51 times since 1995. I was in Port-au-Prince when the quake hit. I stayed there for 5 more days and did what I could to help. I found little or no crime or disorder, only police and firemen who did not respond to the emergency. The people are resilaint, kind and considerate.

Maurice
William
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Feb 1, 2010 @ 11:11 am
Lets all hope and pray for all the survivors of the Haiti earthquake. This was devastating for not only Haiti but all of the world. I encourage all of you to donate money and medicine to Haiti. Remember 1 thing of Advil could save someones life. Haiti needs your help!
William
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Feb 20, 2010 @ 3:15 pm
Haiti is a blessed country and i know there's a lot of great people in that country.' the gospel is the only hope for Haiti and that is what i we stand for in believers love world we build a happier world with love
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Jul 8, 2010 @ 9:21 pm
While asking why is Haiti so poor, we should not be so quick to blame the victims of greed, exploitation, profiteering, corruption and imperialism. Pray for Haiti and those who have used and abused (within and without) this tiny country. Greed and her many faces knows no shame. Black does not mean lazy! Do some research before you accuse, all is not what it appears to be.
Marilyn
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Jan 6, 2011 @ 6:18 pm
haiti was the second country to win it freedom.i think this passage is organize and simple
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Jan 6, 2011 @ 6:18 pm
haiti is a good country we all could agreed on that one but is just the bad thing
that happend make it seems this way
Brandy
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Apr 15, 2011 @ 12:00 am
Haiti is actually poor because they had to pay the french just to remain a country. It has nothing to do with their color or race, they are not lazy people. Their national resources too are very complicated because of where they are located. In North America we have an abundance of national resources and we don't have to pay anyone to remain a country. Haiti is very interesting, I would love to learn more!
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Apr 20, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
Why is the HIV stuff just too much on them. God help us all.
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Apr 20, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
Why is the HIV stuff just too much on them. God help us all.
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Jun 2, 2011 @ 4:16 pm
Haiti is poor because they have little natural resources and a teeming population which is also puting more pressure on the little available resources not because they are lazy. RICH COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD SHOULD HELP THIS LITTLE COUNTRY God bless HAITI
Rose
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Feb 9, 2013 @ 8:08 am
Why is no-one reading, or commenting about Haiti anymore?

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