A new law on immigration and asylum was passed by Parliament in May 1998. The law included amendments to include the French Constitution's provision to protect "those fighting for freedom" and those threatened with inhuman and degrading treatment in their country of origin. In 1998, a total of 22,374 asylum applications were submitted to France, mostly from Asia and Europe. In the same year, recognition of refugee status was granted to some 17% of asylum seekers. Refugees enjoy all the rights of regular immigrants. France also hosts some 6,300 Kosovar Albanians who arrived in 1999 under the UNHCR/IOM Humanitarian Evacuation Programme. In 1999, the net migration rate was 0.53 migrants per 1,000 population.